http://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/issue/feed Jurnal Pendidikan, Sains Dan Teknologi 2023-11-26T17:50:19+00:00 Editor-in-Chief : Jurnal Pendidikan, Sains Dan Teknologi muzawirometdo89@gmail.com Open Journal Systems <p style="margin-left: 20px; text-align: justify;">Jurnal Pendidikan, Sains dan Teknologi (E-ISSN : <a href="https://issn.brin.go.id/terbit/detail/20220924191478452">2963-5373</a>) Merupakan Jurnal Penelitian dan Kajian Ilmiah yang diterbitkan oleh CV.ITTC – INDONESIA. Redaksi menerima kiriman hasil kajian dan penelitian di bidang ilmu , Pengembangan dan implementasi model pembelajaran, Pengembangan bahan ajar, Teknologi Pembelajaran, Analisis Kebijakan Pendidikan, Pembelajaran Online, Media Pembelajaran, Strategi Pembelajaran, dan Model Pembelajaran, Matematika Terapan dalam Pendidikan dan Industri, Fisika Terapan dalam Pendidikan dan Industri, Biologi Terapan dalam Pendidikan dan Industri, Kimia Terapan dalam Pendidikan dan Industri, Teknik Elektronika, Big Data, Robotika, Teknologi Masa Depan, Kecerdasan Buatan, Teknik Elektro, Ilmu Komputer, Teknik Informatika, Teknik Telekomunikasi, Informasi, Teknologi Komunikasi, dan Teknologi Cerdas. <strong>Jurnal Pendidikan, Sains dan Teknologi terbit 4 issu dalam setahun, issue 1 (Januari - Maret), issue 2 ( April - Juni ), issue 3( Juli - september), issue 4 (Oktober -November)</strong></p> http://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1182 Teaching Vocabulary To Young Learners: Combination Of Semantic Mapping And Bingo Game 2023-09-30T09:23:44+00:00 I Gusti Ngurah Bagus Yoga Widiadnya yogawidiadnya16@gmail.com <div><em><span lang="EN-US">Students need to have many vocabularies in their mind in order to master four language skills in English namely listening, speaking, reading and writing. In addition, students </span></em></div> <div><em><span lang="EN-US">should acquire number of words and they should know the meaning of the words then use them accurately. The vocabulary mastery would help students in developing their, understanding, and also enhancing the process of transferring information better. Teaching vocabulary is a challenge for teachers especially in teaching young learners. As the characteristics of young learner who love learning through playing, it is a need for the teacher to have an innovative strategy in teaching vocabulary. In addition, the combination of semantic mapping and bingo games will be the solution of the teaching vocabulary to young learners. This combination make the students learn words together with other students based on their background knowledge and review the vocabularies by implementing bingo games.</span></em></div> 2023-10-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 http://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1193 Upaya Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar Matematika Pada Materi Luas Bangun Datar Menggunakan Kombinasi Model Problem Based Learning, Grup Investigasi, Make A Match Pada Kelas IV UPTD SDN 1 Kait-Kait Kabupaten Tanah Laut 2023-10-07T03:44:49+00:00 Ayu Ispi Ramadani ispiayu@email.com Susilawaty susilawati.unlam@email.com <p><em>This study aims to describe student learning outcomes using the Problem Based Learning model, Group Investigation, Make A Match in learning activities. This type of research uses Classroom Action Research (PTK) which is carried out in 3 meetings using qualitative and quantitative approaches. The subjects of this study were 20 students in class IV UPTD SDN 1 Kait-Kait in the 2022/2023 academic year. Based on the results of the study it can be interpreted that: (1) Classical teacher activity reaches the criteria of "very active". (2) Classical activity reaches the criteria of "very active". (3) Learning outcomes achieve completeness both individually and classically.</em></p> 2023-10-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 http://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1207 Pengembangan Media Pembelajaran IPA Berbasis Adobe Flash Cs6 Pada Materi Sistem Tata Surya Untuk Peserta Didik SMP Negeri 3 Panyipatan 2023-10-13T08:19:35+00:00 Ihsanul Mukhlas ihsanulmukhlas78@gmail.com Yudha Irhasyuarna jurnal.ittc@gmail.com Rizky Febriyani Putri jurnal.ittc@gmail.com <p><em>The development of Adobe Flash CS6 media on the topic of the solar system aims to describe the validity, practicality and effectiveness of learning media. This research uses the Research and Development (R&amp;D) method with the ADDIE (Analyse, Design, Develop, Implement and Evaluate) development model. The percentage method of media expert and material expert validation sheets was used in collecting this data. Test questions and surveys from students are also used. Adobe Flash CS6 learning media is known to have a media expert validity score of 86.67% and a material expert validity score of 87.71%, in accordance with research findings regarding the effectiveness of interactive learning media. Testing of interactive learning materials shows that it is effective for both individual students at 98.52% and small groups at 95.53%. However, the completion result is assessed at 80.00%. These findings provide strong evidence that solar system content created in Adobe Flash CS6 for use in junior high school science learning is very valid, practical, and effective.&nbsp; </em></p> 2023-10-13T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 http://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1083 Penggunaan Media Kalender Dan Jam Analog Untuk Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar Matematika Tentang Waktu Pada Siswa Kelas III SD Negeri 09 2x11 Enam Lingkung 2023-08-05T01:02:38+00:00 Dedi Mardianto dedimardianto91@gmail.com <p><em>Mathematics learning activities in elementary schools must be adapted to the daily lives of students. Mathematics learning that is not related to students' lives will be felt to be less meaningful and less interesting. Learning mathematics requires abstract thinking, one of which is the material of measuring time. Based on interviews with class III teachers, time units are material that is difficult for students to understand. This can be seen from the results of students'daily tests regarding time units (year, week, day and hour) showing that of the 21 students who got a KKM score of 75 only 9 students while the others still did not meet the KKM. This means that 42.88% of students achieved the KKM score. This is because in conveying the concept of a unit of time, the teacher uses the lecture method. The purpose of this research is to improve the results of learning mathematics about units of time through the use of calendar media and analog clocks for class III SD N 09 2X11 Enam Lingkung. This type of research is classroom action research (CAR). The subjects in this remedial research were class III students with 21 students. The data in this study consisted of quantitative data which were analyzed using quantitative analysis techniques with simple statistics in the form of average values and percentages. Based on the results of learning corrective actions that have been carried out, the conclusion of this study is that the application of calendar media and analog clocks can improve mathematics learning outcomes in class III SD N 09 2X11 Enam Lingkung &nbsp;carried out through 2 cycles. The application of calendar media and analog clocks can improve student learning outcomes in mathematics in class III SD N 09 2X11 Enam Lingkung . This is evidenced from the percentage in the initial conditions (pre-cycle) there were 42.86% of students who passed (above the KKM that had been set). After that there was an increase in learning outcomes in cycle I where there were 57.14% of students who had completed and in cycle II learning improvement actions there were 80.95% of students who had completed learning mathematics using the calendar and analog clock media.</em></p> 2023-08-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 http://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1089 Analisis Kesalahan Siswa Dalam Menyelesaikan Soal Cerita Sistem Persamaan Linear Dua Variabel 2023-08-08T06:52:26+00:00 Ignasius Nong Mere ignaspache@gmail.com <p><em>This research aims to determine the types of student errors, as well as the factors that cause errors in solving SPLDV story problems. This research was conducted in class VIII F of SMP Negeri 1 Maumere which consisted of 27 students. Student error data obtained from the results of written tests. Student answers that are incorrectly identified into the type of error. After that, 3 students were selected as respondents to be interviewed. This research uses a qualitative approach and the type of research is descriptive. Data analysis was performed by data reduction, data presentation and conclusion. The results of the study showed that no students were able to answer all of the questions correctly. Based on the results of data analysis, it was concluded that the types of errors made by students were (1) conceptual errors of 44.75%; (2) principal errors of 34.04%; and (3) operating errors of 24.62%. Based on the results of the interviews, the factors that caused the mistakes made by students were because they did not understand the questions so they were unable to translate the question sentences into mathematical sentences, they were weak about the concept of variables, the elimination and substitution methods, they were weak in determining the results of calculations, and they lacked practice working on equation system questions linear two variables in the form of varied stories.</em></p> 2023-08-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 http://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1093 Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran Ekspositori Berbantuan Advance Organizer Terhadap Hasil Belajar Siswa Kelas V Mata Pelajaran IPA Macam-Macam Sumber Energi Di SD Islam Nurus Syamsi 2023-08-10T12:25:08+00:00 Adelia Anggraini Lestari Anggrainiadelia@gmail.com <p><em>This study aims to investigate the effect of the Advance Organizer Assisted Expository Learning Model on the learning outcomes of fifth grade students in science subjects with a focus on various energy sources at SDI NURU SYAMSI. The research method used was the One Group Pretest-Posttest Design. The participants in this study were 25 fifth grade students at SDI NURUS SYAMSI. The study was conducted in one group with a pretest-posttest design, in which students were measured for their initial ability (pretest) before being given treatment, namely the Advance Organizer Assisted Expository Learning Model. After the treatment, students were then measured again (posttest) to see an increase in learning outcomes after applying the method. The results showed that there was a significant increase in learning outcomes in science subjects about various energy sources after the application of the Advance Organizer Assisted Expository Learning Model. The Expository Learning Model Assisted by Advance Organizer as an alternative learning method is expected to help improve student learning outcomes in science subjects about various energy sources. Although this study found positive results, the authors are aware that there are some limitations in this study, such as the limited number of samples. Therefore, the authors recommend further research to strengthen and generalize the findings obtained.</em></p> 2023-08-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 http://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1094 Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Discovery Learning Untuk Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar Siswa Pada Mata Pelajaran Matematika Kelas I Di SD Alam Cordova Probolinggo 2023-08-10T12:24:58+00:00 Dewi Mustokoweni dewimustokoweni5482@gmail.com <p><em>This study aims to determine student learning outcomes by using the Discovery Learning learning model, as well as knowing the effectiveness of applying this model. This research was conducted at SD Alam Cordova Probolinggo with 4 research subjects, consisting of 3 male students and 1 female student. This study used the Classroom Action Research (CAR) method which was carried out in two cycles. Each cycle consists of four stages, namely planning, action, observation, and reflection. Data collection is done through tests, observations, and documentation. Based on student learning outcomes in cycle I, it reached 75%, a number of 3 students scored below 70, and there was only one student or 25% of students who were in the complete category, namely those who received a KKM score of 70 with an average score of 57. II student learning outcomes reach 100% where all students in the class get the complete category and have obtained a KKM score of 70 with an average value of 77. It can be concluded that the Application of the Discovery Learning Learning Model can improve learning outcomes in learning Mathematics in class I SD Alam Cordova Probolinggo.</em></p> 2023-08-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 http://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1107 Pengembangan Media Pembelajaran Interaktif Articulate Storyline Pada Materi Pesawat Sederhana Kelas VIII SMP 2023-08-17T11:21:23+00:00 Ikrimah Sari ikrimahsari11@gmail.com Maya Istyadji jurnal.ittc@gmail.com Rizky Febriyani Putri jurnal.ittc@gmail.com <p><em>Research on improving easy-to-understand storyline media on basic subject matter intends to illustrate the legitimacy of informative media. The 4D development model (define, design, develop, deploy) uses R&amp;D methods in research. The percentage method of the expert validation sheet is used for the data collection method. The consequence of this review shows that intelligent learning media with expressive storylines gets a legitimacy score of 87%. Based on these findings, it can be concluded that the simple field material of Articulate Storyline is said to be very useful for learning natural sciences in junior high schools.</em></p> 2023-08-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 http://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1125 Pengaruh Penggunaan Media Loose Parts Terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Pada Anak Kelompok B Usia 5-6 Tahun Di RA. Aisyiyah Aman Medan 2023-08-27T14:04:36+00:00 Hartati Ningsih hartatiningsih212@gmail.com Juli Maini Sitepu julimaini@umsu.ac.id <p>Berdasarkan hasil observasi yang sebelumnya pernah dilakukan peneliti menunjukkan bahwa kemampuan berpikir kritis anak kelompok B di RA. Aisyiyah Aman Medan masih belum terstimulasi secara optimal. Sebagian besar anak belum mampu memberikan komentar, Anak juga belum menunjukan aktivitas yang bersifat eksploratif. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode kuantitatif. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah eksperimen (quasi experiment research). Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, Aspek yang paling dominan adalah kecepatan dalam membuat hasil karya. Sesudah diberikan perlakuan dapat&nbsp; disimpulkan bahwa media loose parts berpengaruh terhadap kemampuan berpikir kritis anak. Dilihat pada nilai thitung sebesar&nbsp; -5,418 dengan signifikan 0,000. Karena Sig &lt; 0,05 maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa H0 ditolak dan H1 diterima yang berarti terdapat&nbsp; pengaruh media loose parts terhadap peningkatan kemampuan berpikir kritis anak kelompok B RA. Aisyiyah Aman Medan.</p> 2023-08-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 http://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1145 Pengembangan Media Pembelajaran Interaktif Menggunakan Articulate Storyline Pada Materi Atmosfer Untuk Peserta Didik SMP 2023-09-07T02:17:46+00:00 Nadiatul Hafidah hafidahnadiatul@gmail.com Yudha Irhasyuarna jurnal.ittc@gmail.com Mella Mutika Sari jurnal.ittc@gmail.com <p><em>The research objective of developing an articulated storyline media based on atmosphere material is to explain how interactive and valid learning media work. The ADDIE development model is combined with the R&amp;D method in this study. Validation was carried out using assessment sheets by material experts and also the media as a data collection technique for this research, and using tests and questionnaires for students. Based on the results of the research that has been done, this learning media gets a score of 94.56% from material experts and also the media. It can be concluded that this finding is an Articulate Storyline medium for atmosphere material that is very effective in learning natural sciences in seventh grade junior high school.</em></p> 2023-09-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 http://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1152 Pengaruh Penambahan Ekstrak Kunyit (Curcuma domestica) dengan Konsentrasi yang Berbeda Terhadap Daya Simpan dan Uji Organoleptik Abon Daging Itik 2023-09-14T13:56:40+00:00 Jauhar Habibah jauharhabibah@gmail.com Rizky Febriyani Putri jurnal.ittc@gmail.com Maya Istyadji jurnal.ittc@gmail.com <p><em>Duck meat is one of the livestock potentials that has economic value and is a source of high quality protein. Duck meat processing needs to be done to add flavor and improve quality so that it has a longer shelf life. The addition of turmeric in meat processing can be used as a spice and natural antioxidant. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of adding turmeric extract on the results of water content and pH levels as well as organoleptic tests on processed &nbsp;shredded duck meat. The method used in this study was an experimental method with a completely randomized design (CRD) experiment with the addition of 0%, 5%, 10%, and 15% turmeric extract. Storage time was 30 days at room temperature and 3 repetitions were carried out for each treatment. The results showed that there was an effect of adding turmeric extract on water content (p=0.000) and pH level (p=0.016). The results of the organoleptic test analysis of shredded duck meat showed that there was an effect of adding turmeric extract on the color and texture of shredded duck meat. Based on the de Garmo effectiveness test, the P2 treatment (10%) was the best and most preferred treatment by the panelists with a relative value of 0.75.</em></p> 2023-09-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 http://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1153 Pemanfaatan Kombinasi Air Cucian Beras, Cangkang Telur Ayam, dan Kulit Pisang Kepok sebagai Pupuk Organik Cair untuk Pertumbuhan Tanaman Sawi Hijau (Brassica juncea L.) 2023-09-14T13:57:24+00:00 Ira Mahrita iramahrita00123@gmail.com Mella Mutika Sari jurnal.ittc@gmail.com Sauqina jurnal.ittc@gmail.com <p><em>Utilization of organic waste rice washing water, chicken eggshells, and kepok banana peels as liquid organic fertilizer can reduce environmental pollution because it can be used to increase the availability of nutrients in plants. This research aims to determine the effect of liquid organic fertilizer fermented rice washing water, chicken eggshells and kepok banana peels on mustard greens (Brassica juncea L.) seen from plant height and number of leaves produced. This experimental research used a completely randomized design (CRD) consisting of five treatments and four repetition. Treatment of green mustard plants was given different concentrations, namely (P1 = control), (P2 = 100 ml/L), (P3 = 125 ml/L ), (P4 = 150 ml/L), and (P5 = 175 ml/L). SPSS statistical data analysis technique by conducting the Anova test at the 5% level. The results showed that the average increase in height and number of leaves of mustard greens was relatively the same in all treatments with the highest average obtained at concentration (P2 = 100 ml/L).</em></p> 2023-09-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 http://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1156 Tantangan Dan Solusi Dalam Perkembangan Teknologi Pendidikan Di Indonesia 2023-09-19T15:06:09+00:00 Ika ikaclar@gmail.com Fani Az zahra azzahrafani6@gmail.com Hanifah Jauza Adhdhawy Damhudi hanifahjauzaad@gmail.com <p>Teknologi pendidikan secara umum dapat diartikan sebagai penerapan teknologi pada kegiatan pendidikan. Hal terpenting di sini adalah proses integrasi antara orang, ide, organisasi, dan peralatan. Berdasarkan asumsi tersebut, teknologi pendidikan dapat diartikan sebagai pendekatan kegiatan pendidikan yang logis, sistematis, dan ilmiah. Perkembangan Teknologi Pendidikan saat ini mengalami perubahan yang sangat pesat, khususnya dalam bidang pendidikan. Dalam pemanfaatan TIK di bidang pendidikan seringkali menghadapi beberapa kendala, antara lain: minimnya pengadaan infrastruktur TIK di berbagai daerah, penggunaan peralatan teknologi bekas, belum tersedianya perangkat hukum di bidang TIK, dan mahalnya biaya pengadaan dan penggunaan fasilitas TIK. Untuk mengatasi permasalahan tersebut di atas, perlu adanya solusi sebagai syarat keberhasilan penerapan TIK dalam proses pembelajaran yaitu: guru dan siswa harus memiliki akses teknologi digital dan internet di sekolah, materi pembelajaran interaktif yang menggunakan laptop/ komputer, guru harus memiliki kemampuan dan keterampilan dalam menggunakan alat digital, harus tersedia anggaran yang cukup untuk mengadakan, mengembangkan, dan memelihara sarana dan prasarana serta dukungan dari semua pihak, kepala sekolah, guru, dan siswa dalam melaksanakan pembelajaran&nbsp;TIK.</p> 2023-09-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 http://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1160 Perbandingan Frekuensi Pakan Ikan Berbahan Dasar Pelet Dan Cacing Sutra (Tubifex Sp) Secara Ad Libitum Terhadap Pertumbuhan Dan Kelangsungan Hidup Benih Ikan Patin Siam (Pangasius Hypophthalmus) 2023-09-21T04:31:29+00:00 Wenda Yulia Rezki wendayuliarezki@gmail.com Maya Istyadji jurnal.ittc@gmail.com Ratna Yulinda jurnal.ittc@gmail.com <p><em>Ikan patin siam (Pangasius hypophthalmus) merupakan salah satu ikan air tawar yang sering dibudidayakan. Ikan patin siam memiliki kandungan gizi yang cukup besar. Cara memenuhi kebutuhan pakannya dilakukan pemberian pakan yang memiliki banyak nutrisi baik dari pakan pelet atau pakan alami. Salah satu pakan alami yaitu cacing sutra (Tubifex sp). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan pemberian pakan yang menghasilkan pertumbuhan terbaik untuk benih ikan patin siam dengan frekuensi yang sesuai. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Balai Benih Ikan Kota Banjarmasin dengan menggunakan metode eksperimental dengan pola Rancanagan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dengan 4 perlakuan dan 3 kali ulangan. Frekuensi yang digunakan adalah perlakuan A pelet 2x sehari, perlakuan B pelet 3x sehari, perlakuan C cacing sutra 2x sehari, dan perlakuan D cacing sutra 3x sehari. Analisis data menggunakan ANNOVA, apabila terdapat perbedaan yang nyata maka dilanjutkan dengan uji Duncan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pemberian pakan yang terbaik dan frekuensi yang sesuai yaitu pada perlakuan D dengan berat 1,60 gram dan panjang 5,66 cm. Nilai kualitas air selama penelitian masih berada dalam kisaran yang layak. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah pemberian pakan dengan frekuensi yang berbeda dan juga bahan dasar yang berbeda memberikan pengaruh nyata terhadap pertumbuhan berat dan panjang benih ikan patin siam.</em></p> 2023-09-21T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 http://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1165 Kontribusi Explosive Power Otot Lengan Dan Koordinasi Mata Tangan Terhadap Kemampuan Servis Atas Pada Siswa Putra Ekstrakurikuler Bolavoli Di MTS Muhammadiyah 02 Pekanbaru 2023-09-22T14:13:14+00:00 Adinda Aulia Firna Dewi adindaauliafirnadewi@student.uir.ac.id Zulrafli zulrafli@edu.uir.ac.id <p><em>The purpose of this study was to determine the contribution of explosive power of the arm muscles and eye hand coordination to the upper service ability of 18 male extracurricular volleyball students at MTS Muhammadiyah 02 Pekanbaru. This type of research is correlational research. The sampling technique in this research is purposive sampling, which is a sampling technique with certain considerations. male students in the volleyball extracurricular can be directed and can serve the volleyball.The research instrument used was a test to measure the explosive power of the arm muscles, namely the two hand medicine ball put test, the test to measure eye hand coordination was the throwing and catching test of a tennis ball, and the volleyball service skill test. The data analysis technique used is the Pearson product moment correlation technique and multiple correlation. The conclusions in this study are: 1) there is a contribution of explosive power of the arm muscles (X<sub>1</sub>) to the upper service ability of male students in the volleyball extracurricular activity at MTS Muhammadiyah 02 Pekanbaru with a correlation coefficient percentage of 38.68% , 2) there is a contribution of eye hand coordination (X<sub>2</sub>) to the upper service ability of male extracurricular volleyball students at MTS Muhammadiyah 02 Pekanbaru with a correlation coefficient percentage of 25.2%, 3) there is an explosive power contribution arm muscle and eye hand coordination (X<sub>1</sub> X<sub>2</sub>) on upper service ability (Y) in male volleyball extracurricular students at MTS Muhammadiyah 02 Pekanbaru with a correlation coefficient percentage of 41.9%.</em></p> 2023-09-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 http://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1166 Pengaruh Penambahan Bubuk Cengkeh (Syzygium aromaticum) Sebagai Pengawet Alami Terhadap Daya Simpan Selai Cempedak (Artocarpus campeden) 2023-09-23T15:33:41+00:00 Riska Norsela riskanorsela@gmail.com Ellyna Hafizah jurnal.ittc@gmail.com Yudha Irhasyuarna jurnal.ittc@gmail.com <p><em>This study aims to determine the effect of clove powder on the shelf life of day 1 and day 5, pH levels, water content, and sensory testing of cempedak jam. This study used (CRD) with 4 </em><em>formulations </em><em>with different concentrations of clove powder. The formulations were P0 (0% clove powder), P1 (0.2% clove powder), P2 (0.4% clove powder), and P3 (0.6% clove powder). This study used four kinds of analysis consisting of a five-day shelf-life physical observation test, pH, moisture content, and sensory test. Sensory test analysis was carried out on samples of cempedak jam on day 0, but for physical observation analysis, pH, and water content were carried out on cempedak jam with storage on day 1 and day 5. Data analysis on pH and moisture content using One-Way ANOVA statistics was followed by the Tukey test and the sensory test using the Kruskal-Wallis statistic followed by a hypothesis test with a summary test. The use of clove powder can affect the shelf life, more the concentration of clove powder in cempedak jam, the longer shelf life of the jam. The more concentration of clove powder, the acidity (pH) and water content will increase. The sensory test results showed that the concentration of clove powder affected the parameters of color, taste and aroma of cempedak jam.</em></p> 2023-09-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 http://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1220 Hubungan Ekologi Dengan Pelestarian Lingkungan 2023-10-26T00:08:29+00:00 Aditya Pratama putra adityapp1920801014@gmail.com April Liansyah april1920801009@gmail.com Ajansyah ajansyah78370@gmail.com <p><em>Ecosystem is an ecological system formed by an inseparable interrelationship between living things and their environment. Ecosystem can also be said as a whole and comprehensive order of unity among all elements of the environment that influence each other. Ecology is the science of the interrelationships between living things with each other and with non-living things around them. This writing is intended to find out clear information about the ecological relationship with the environment and proper conservation of the environment. The discourse on environmental conservation has become an actual issue amid the threat of the global environmental crisis. Because the environmental crisis is considered to be the biggest problem of this century which has an impact on the inhabitants of the present world and future generations. Experts have mapped that the environmental crisis has caused various disasters, climate change, global warming, reduced quality of life and the threat of future destruction of the earth. Therefore, people throughout the world continue to look for joint solutions to overcome this crisis. Formulating environmental conservation from the point of view of the current situation is important. Therefore based on the science of environmental conservation ecology is very influential on each other.</em></p> 2023-10-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 http://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1211 Analisis Sentimen Penggunaan Sosial Media Terhadap Berita Kriminal Dengan Metode Naïve Bayes Classifier Dan Support Vector Machine(SVM) 2023-10-23T13:36:31+00:00 Maria Tantiana mone mariatantianamone@gmail.com Elfira Umar jurnal.ittc@gmail.com Mitra Permata Ayu jurnal.ittc@gmail.com <p>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis sentimen media sosial dengan menggunakan Naïve Bayes Classifier dan Support Vektor Machine. Metode ini digunakan untuk mengekstrak dan menganalisis informasi dan pengetahuan yang berguna dari sejumlah data besar. Data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah komentar atau tanggapan masyarakat terhadap berita yang di unggah di media sosial. Penelitian menunjukan ada 71 sentimen positif dan 31 sentimen negatif. Akurasi prediksi positif sebesar 80,36% dan akurasi prediksi negatif sebesar 84,00% , recall pada data positif sebesar 84,91% dan 79,25% pada data negatif. Sedangkan metode Support Vektor Machine menunjukan prediksi positif sebesar 54,84% dan 84,62% pada prediksi negatif, nilai recall pada data positif sebesar 96,23% dan 20,75% pada data negatif. Penelitian ini diharapkan dapat membantu pihak humas dalam menganalisis komentar atau reaksi masyarakat terhadap berita yang dimuat di media sosial.</p> 2023-10-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 http://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1221 Analisis Sentimen Terhadap Pembelajaran Tik Berdasarkan Data Kritik Saran Siswa Menggunakan Metode Naive Bayes Studi Kasus : SMPK Dominikus Gollu Pande 2023-10-26T00:09:02+00:00 Marselinus bulu marselinusbulu99@gmail.com Elfira Umar jurnal.ittc@gmail.com Martinus Malo Ngongo jurnal.ittc@gmail.com <p><em>Teacher teaching quality is the key to the success of education in the institution of education by having teachers who are able to teach well to create high-value children of the nation., Especially in the eyes of the technology of information..In order to get teachers that fit academic standards, certainly need to do an evaluation on the eyes of information technology climbers..Therefore smpk dominikus gollu pande do questionnaires with criticism form advice that students can fill.Current, data criticism of advice has not been used to analyze and evaluate the process of learning.That's why., In this study, there's been a sentimental analysis of the results of the criticism that students have sent., to know the criticism of the suggestion is of positive value, negatif.Salah satu metode analisa sentimen yang dapat digunakan untuk menyelesaikan masalah opinion mining adalah metode naive bayes.Data accumulates as much as 100 data at a semester's span, Which is</em></p> 2023-10-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 http://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1224 Uji Kualitas Air Keran Pada Laboratorium Terpadu Universitas UIN Raden Fatah Palembang 2023-10-28T04:08:26+00:00 Pira blen siska 1930801033@radenfatah.ac.id violita argentina 1930801033@radenfatah.ac.id muhammad bayumi 1920801010@radenfatah.ac.id <p><em>Water Quality is a term that describes the suitability or suitability of water for certain uses, for example: drinking water, fisheries, irrigation, industry, recreation and so on. Caring about water quality means knowing the condition of the water to ensure safety and sustainability in its use. Water quality can be determined by carrying out certain tests on the water. Tests that are usually carried out are chemical, physical, biological tests, or appearance tests (smell and color). For more complex measurements, water samples are needed which are then maintained, transferred and analyzed elsewhere (for example, a laboratory). Measurements like this have two problems, namely that the characteristics of the water in the sample may not be the same as the source because chemical and biological changes occur over time. Even water quality can vary between day and night and is influenced by the presence of aquatic organisms.</em></p> 2023-10-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 http://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1226 Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar Matematika Materi Penyajian Data Menggunakan Model Problem Based Learning (PBL) Pada Siswa Kelas V Di UPTD SDN 1 Kait-Kait Kabupaten Tanah Laut 2023-10-31T03:49:36+00:00 Nor Latifah norlatifahh.22@gmail.com Sunarno jurnal.ittc@gmail.com <p><em>The problem in this study is that learning is one-way, there is no learning that can stimulate students to improve problem-solving skills, and learning is still not varied. The purpose of this research is to describe the activities of educators and students and to increase learning outcomes. This study uses a qualitative approach with the type of Classroom Action Research (CAR). The type of data used is qualitative data in the form of observing the activities of educators and students during learning activities as well as quantitative data namely learning outcomes in the cognitive, affective and psychomotor domains. These results show that the activity of educators in cycle I reached 17 "very good" criteria and increased in cycle II to 19 with "very good" criteria. Student activity in cycle I reached 66.67% with the "active" criteria and increased in cycle II to 94.44% with the "very active" criteria. Learning outcomes in the cognitive and affective domains in cycle I reached 61.11%, psychomotor reached 66.67%, and increased in cycle II to 100%. It was concluded that there was an increase in educator activity, student activity and learning outcomes using the Problem Based Learning (PBL) model.</em></p> 2023-10-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 http://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1227 Keanekaragaman Tumbuhan Herba Berpotensi Obat Di Daerah Aliran Sungai Kambata Tana Kabupaten Sumba Timur Sebagai Media Pembelajaran Biologi 2023-11-01T00:05:26+00:00 Felitas Rambu Ema Eut felitasrambuemaeut@gmail.com Anita Tamu Ina jurnal.ittc@gmail.com <p><em>This study aims to determine the diversity of herbaceous plants with medicinal potential and the use of plants as learning media in the form of flipbooks. This type of research is ecological research with a quantitative approach. Based on the research results, it is known that the diversity of herbaceous plants in the Kambata Tana river is classified as moderate with an H'= 2.212. Analysis of other ecological indices such as density is known to be the largest density by Stachytarpheta jamaicensis with a relative density (KR) value of 19.5% while the smallest density is by Amaranthus spinosus which has a relative density (KR) value of 2.2%, the highest species frequency is owned by Stachytarpheta jamaicensis which has a relative frequency value of 8.73% while Amaranthus spinosus has the smallest species frequency with a relative frequency value of 0.48% and a dominance index of herbaceous plants with medicinal potential of 0.061 which is relatively low. The diversity of herbaceous plants with medicinal potential is used as a learning medium in the form of flipbooks which obtain an average validation value of 96% and are classified as very valid.</em></p> 2023-11-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 http://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1233 Analisis Implementasi Peningkatan Kualitas Pendidikan Melalui Standarisasi Laboratorium di SMAN 5 Jember 2023-11-05T00:52:21+00:00 Septia Rachma Wulansari septiarachmawulansari@gmail.com Moh. Rifki Hariyanto jurnal.ittc@gmail.com Nur Elizah jurnal.ittc@gmail.com Renisa Kusuma Dewi jurnal.ittc@gmail.com Lailiatul Istianah jurnal.ittc@gmail.com Lailatul Nuraini jurnal.ittc@gmail.com <p><em>This study was conducted with the aim of analyzing the implementation of Physics Laboratory Standards at SMA Negeri 5 Jember. The research method used in this research is descriptive method with qualitative approach. Data collection was done through questionnaires and interviews with the head of the laboratory and also with physics teachers. In addition, data collection is also through direct laboratory observation, interviews through the head of the laboratory assistant, and document analysis such as guidebooks and the use of tools and materials in the laboratory. In this study, the results showed that the infrastructure facilities in the laboratory showed an average percentage of 90% with a very good classification. The results of standardization for tools and materials got an average of 68% with a good classification. Furthermore, the standardization of laboratory personnel with a very good classification on average 90%. In the standardization of security, maintenance and supervision of the laboratory gets an average percentage of 91% with a very good classification. The last is the standardization of services gets an average percentage of 100% with a very good classification. Overall, the laboratory at Jember 5 Public School has good standardization, but there is a need to improve the quality of these laboratory facilities so that they can support the learning process better.</em></p> 2023-11-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 http://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1234 Meningkatkan Aktivitas, Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis dan Hasil Belajar Peserta Didik Muatan IPA Menggunakan Model Potensi Di SDN Murung Raya 4 Banjarmasin 2023-11-05T00:51:45+00:00 Muhammad Akmal Yanuari akmal.yanuari24@gmail.com Fathul Jannah jurnal.ittc@gmail.com <p><em>The problem that emerged in this study was the low activity and critical thinking skills of students in Natural Sciences content which resulted in not maximizing learning outcomes. This research is a Classroom Action Research (CAR) which is carried out in 3 meetings. The method used was qualitative, the research subjects were class IVB students at SDN Murung Raya 4 Banjarmasin, totaling 16 people, consisting of 8 male students and 8 female students in semester II of the 2022/2023 academic year. The results showed that the activity of educators increased in each meeting until the indicator of success reached a score of 31 with the criteria "Very Good", the activity of students increased in each meeting until it reached a score of 88% with the criteria "Very Active", critical thinking skills increased in each meeting until it reached a score 88% with the criterion "Almost all very high", and students' learning outcomes classically get a score of up to 100% at meeting 3. Based on the results of this study it can be concluded that the use of the POTENSI model can increase activity, critical thinking skills and student learning outcomes SDN Murung Raya 4 Banjarmasin.</em></p> 2023-11-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 http://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1236 Meningkatkan Aktivitas Siswa, Kerjasama, Dan Hasil Belajar Muatan Matematika Menggunakan Model PBL DAN MAKE A Match Di Kelas V SD 2023-11-05T14:18:46+00:00 Muhammad Sugiyannor sugiyannormuhammad07@gmail.com Maimunah jurnal.ittc@gmail.com <p><em>The purpose of this study is to describe teacher activities, analyze student activities, cooperation, and learning outcomes of mathematical content using Problem Based Learning (PBL) and Make a Match models. This research was carried out using Classroom Action Research (PTK) which was conducted three times. The research setting is in grade V of SDN Kelayan Selatan 3. The types of data in this study are qualitative and quantitative. The results showed an increase in student activity, cooperation, and learning outcomes.</em></p> 2023-11-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 http://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1237 Meningkatan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Dan Kreatif Siswa Pembelajaran Matematika Menggunakan Model PUZZLE Di Kelas V 2023-11-05T14:18:36+00:00 M. Faisal Muhammadfaisal13579@gmail.com Aslamiah jurnal.ittc@gmail.com <p><em>The problem in this study is the low ability to think critically and think creatively of students, this arises because the learning carried out has not contained critical thinking activities and there are no opportunities for students to be creative. The effort to solve this problem is by using the PUZZLE model (Problem Based Learning, Snowball Throwing, Numbered Head Together). This study aims to describe teacher activities and analyze students' critical and creative thinking skills. The type of research carried out is classroom action research (PTK) with a qualitative approach. The research setting is SDN Kelayan Selatan 3 Banjarmasin. The research instruments used are observation sheets for teacher activities, critical thinking, and creative thinking and evaluation sheets for written tests. As for data analysis, descriptive and cross-table analysis is used and interpretation uses percentages and criteria. The findings at meeting 3 showed that teacher activities had been carried out "Very Good" with a percentage of 94%, critical thinking skills were carried out with "Almost All Skilled Students" with a classical percentage of 76%, creative thinking skills were carried out with "Almost All Skilled Students" with a classical percentage of 67%. It is recommended to use the Puzzle model&nbsp; as a reference learning model that can develop students' critical and creative thinking skills.</em></p> 2023-11-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 http://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1238 Upaya Perbaikan Aktivitas Dan Hasil Belajar Menggunakan Model PBL, Open-Ended Learning, Dan Pair Checks 2023-11-05T14:18:27+00:00 Rosendi Aditya Suryatama Harahap Rosendiaditya08@gmail.com Darmiyati jurnal.ittc@gmail.com <p><em>The problem that occurs is the low activity and learning outcomes in mathematics content. This study aims to describe the activities of educators, analyze activities and learning outcomes. The approach used was a qualitative approach with the type of PTK carried out in three meetings and the subjects studied were fourth grade students at SDN Kelayan Selatan 2 Banjarmasin. The type of data in this discovery is qualitative data obtained from observations of teacher and student activities in the learning process, as well as quantitative data in the form of learning outcomes obtained through written tests. The results showed in this study that the teacher's activities in the first meeting were in the "Good" category, the second meeting achieved the "Good" criteria, and the third meeting achieved the "Very Good" criteria. the activities of students in the first meeting achieved the criteria of "Quite Active" and in the third meeting achieved the criteria of "Very Active". The classical completeness of the learning outcomes at the first meeting was "incomplete", the second meeting was "unfinished", and the third meeting had achieved classical completeness. Based on these results, the researcher concluded that using the PBL, Open-Ended Learning, and Pair Checks models in mathematics content could increase the activity of teachers, students and learning outcomes.</em></p> 2023-11-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 http://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1239 Meningkatkan Aktivitas Belajar Dan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Siswa Menggunakan Kombinasi Model Problem Based Learning Dan Probing Promting 2023-11-05T14:18:06+00:00 Ayu Novika Sari ayunovikasari32@gmail.com Maimunah jurnal.ittc@gmail.com <p><em>The problem in this study is the lack of activity and the underdeveloped critical thinking skills of students. Possible solutions include model of Problem Based Learning and Probing Prompting. The purpose of this study was to examine research on teacher activities, critical thinking skills, and student learning outcomes and activities. Classroom Action Research (CAR) used in this study lasted for two cycles or IV meetings. Class IV UPTD SDN 1 Kait-Kait students became research participants, totaling 20 students. From meeting I to meeting IV, an increase was found from 25 to 34. In addition, from meetings I to IV, student involvement increased from 45% to 95%. And at meetings I to IV, students' critical thinking skills ranged from 45% to 95%. In addition, classical student learning outcomes ranged from 45% to 90% from Meeting I to Meeting IV. Thus, learning in class IV UPTD SDN 1 Kait-Kait with a combination of Problem Based Learning and Probing Probing models can improve student learning outcomes, student activity, and critical thinking skills.The problem in this study is the lack of activity and the underdeveloped critical thinking skills</em></p> 2023-11-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 http://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1253 Meningkatkan Aktivitas, Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis dan Hasil Belajar IPA Menggunakan Model Protomake Kelas IV Sekolah Dasar 2023-11-11T19:31:59+00:00 Khalawatul Zakiah 1910125120047@mhs.ulm.ac.id Aslamiah Aslamiah aslamiah@ulm.ac.id <p>Permasalahan penelitian adalah rendahnya aktivitas, keterampilan berpikir kritis dan rendahnya hasil belajar peserta didik pada muatan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam (IPA). Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mendeskripsikan aktivitas guru dan menganalisis hasil observasi aktivitas, keterampilan berpikir kritis dan hasil belajar peserta didik elalui Model <em>PROTOMAKE</em>. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif. dengan jenis penelitian tindakan kelas, yang dilaksanakan dengan tiga kali pertemuan. Subjek penelitian adalah peserta didik kelas IV SDN Teluk Dalam 12 Banjarmasin tahun pelajaran 2022/2023, jumlah peserta didik sebanyak&nbsp; 12 orang. Teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan secara <em>crosstable </em>dalam bentuk tabel dan grafik. Data dikumpulkan dengan teknik observasi dan tes. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa aktivitas guru pada pertemuan 1 sampai 3 meningkat dari 25 hingga 32. Aktivitas peserta didik pada pertemuan 1 sampai 3 meningkat dari 58,33% hingga 91,67%. Keterampilan berpikir kritis peserta didik pada pertemuan 1 sampai 3 meningkat dari 66,67% hingga 91,67%. Hasil belajar aspek kognitif dari 58,33% hingga 100%. Hasil belajar afektif pada pertemuan 1 sampai 3 terjadi peningkatan dari 66,67% hingga 100%. Hasil belajar psikomotorik pada pertemuan 1 sampai 3 meningkat dari 75% hingga 100% secara klasikal.</p> 2023-11-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 http://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1266 Upaya Meningkatkan Aktivitas dan Hasil Belajar Siswa Menggunakan Model PMS Mata Pelajaran IPA Kelas V 2023-11-18T13:57:59+00:00 Isna Mukarramah isnamukarramah35@gmail.com Suhaimi Suhaimi@gmail.com <p><em>Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk meningkatkan aktivitas dan hasil belajar siswa pada mata pelajaran IPA menggunakan model PMS (Project Based Learning, Make a Match dan Somatic Auditory Visual Intelectual). Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di SDN Alalak Selatan 2 Banjarmasin, Kecamatan Banjarmasin Utara, Provinsi Kalimantan Selatan. Subjek dalam penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas V dengan jumlah 29 orang siswa. Jenis penelitian ini adalah Penelitian Tindakan Kelas (PTK). Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan yaitu observasi dan tes. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan dalam 2 siklus dan disetiap siklus terdapat 2 kali pertemuan.&nbsp; Berdasarkan hasil analisis data, terjadi peningkatan pada aktivitas siswa dalam belajar dimana dalam klasifikasi kriteria aktif dan sangat aktif berada pada persentase 100%. Hasil belajar juga terjadi peningkatan pada siklus I pertemuan 1 ketuntasan klasikal 72%, siklus I pertemuan 2 ketuntasan klasikal 90%, siklus II pertemuan 1 ketuntasan klasikal 97%, dan siklus II pertemuan 2 ketuntasan klasikal 100%. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa penerapan kombinasi model PMS (Project Based Learning, Make a Match dan Somatic Auditory Visual Intelectual) dapat meningkatkan aktivitas dan hasil belajar siswa pada mata pelajaran IPA.</em></p> 2023-11-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 http://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1269 Efektivitas Kunyit Asam Dalam Mengatasi Dismenorea Pada Remaja (Studi Kasus Siswi Kelas X SMK Az-Zawiyah Tanjung Batu) 2023-11-22T17:39:25+00:00 Miranti mirantiardin85@gmail.com Wijaya wijaya_uin@radenfatah.ac.id Deddy Ilyas deddyilyas_uin@radenfatah.ac.id <p><em>This thesis is entitled "Effectiveness of Tamarind Turmeric in Overcoming Dysmenorrhea in Adolescents (Case Study of Class sequential exploratory. A sample of 8 female students who experienced severe dysmenorrhoea were divided into 2 groups, 4 in the experimental group and 4 in the control group. The research instrument used (NRS). Data collection techniques in this research used observation, interviews and documentation methods. Research data was analyzed using the visual inspection method and qualitative descriptive techniques. The formulation of the problem in this research is how the Prophet's style of treatment relates to traditional treatment using sour turmeric drinks for dysmenorrhoea and whether there is an effect of giving sour turmeric drinks on reducing dysmenorrhoea in grade 10 female students at SMK Az-Zawiyah Tanjung Batu. The results of this research are 1) Habbatussauda, ​​which is included in the Prophet's style of treatment, can reduce the level of dysmenorrhoea because it has anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. It is used as a reference for reducing the level of dysmenorrhoea in adolescents using herbal plants that grow in Indonesia and have anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, namely turmeric and tamarind. . Where when processing sour turmeric drinks, honey is mixed which functions to reduce the chelating taste of turmeric and reduce dysmenorrhoea, because honey contains enzymes and minerals that are effective in reducing pain. 2) There is an effect of sour turmeric drink on reducing dysmenorrhoea in grade 10 female students at Az-Azzawiyah Vocational School. Although the reduction in pain level was not drastic, namely from average level of severe pain to moderate level of pain.</em></p> 2023-11-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 http://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1270 Mekanisme Pengolahan Air Minum Isi Ulang Yang Berkualitas 2023-11-22T17:44:19+00:00 Azzurrel Lady Arafah Arafah@gmail.com Sudarti Sudarti@gmail.com Yushardi Yushardi@gmail.com <p><em>Water is a compound that serves an important function for humans and other living things. As technology advances, people will tend to choose a more practical and relatively cheaper way to meet their drinking water needs. One of them is using refill drinking water. Although the price of refill drinking water is cheaper, not all refill drinking water depots are guaranteed quality. The purpose of this study is to determine the drinking water treatment process in accordance with health procedures. This article uses the literature review method. The expected results are that the Drinking Water Depot (DAM) must fulfill the stages of drinking water production to produce drinking water of acceptable quality, namely the requirements for storage and storage of raw water, filtration and sanitation.</em></p> 2023-11-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 http://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1278 Pengaruh Pemberian Berbagai Dosis Mikoriza Terhadap Pertumbuhan Tanaman Bawang Merah (Allium cepa L.) 2023-11-26T17:42:42+00:00 Lanni Novita Siregar tyachintia.gusli99@gmail.com Nabila Thafriza Nabila@gmail.com Tya Chintia Gusli TyaChintia@gmail.com <p><em>Shallots (Allium cepa L.). It is classified as a spice vegetable which is always needed as a seasoning for all dishes that have high economic value. This causes red onions to be important to society. Mycorrhiza helps the fertilization process, intensifies roots, and increases nutrient uptake. The aim of the research is to determine the effect of giving mycorrhiza on the growth of shallots. The research was carried out in the FMIPA Unimed Greenhouse. The research used experimental methods and was structured using a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) which was divided into 5 treatments. Based on the ANOVA test on the height and number of shallot seedlings, it was found that there was no significant effect between treatments. However, from direct observation the number of seedlings in the 20 gr treatment grew more than in other treatments, this shows that mycorrhiza helps the plant growth process in absorbing nutrients and water in the soil by expanding the root system. The conclusion is that giving mycorrhiza does not have a real effect on the height and number of offspring. The results had no real effect due to factors outside the growth process.</em></p> 2023-11-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 http://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1279 Pengaruh Pemberian Perbedaan Dosis Pupuk Mikoriza Terhadap Pertumbuhan Cabai Rawit (Capsicum frutescens) di Polibag 2023-11-26T17:50:19+00:00 Ahmad Syafwan S Pulungan kanatinayahdlm@gmail.com Marlinda Nilan Sari Rangkuti kanatinayahdlm@gmail.com <p><em>Cayenne pepper (Capsicum frutescens L.) is a type of shrub that has wood, branches and grows upright. Mycorrhiza plays a role in stimulating plant growth, increasing fertilization efficiency and nutrient uptake through a symbiotic association between plant roots and fungi. The research was carried out from October to November 2023 in the greenhouse of the Biology Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Medan State University. The tools used in the research were analytical scales, hoes, machetes, cameras and writing tools. The materials used in this research were cayenne pepper seeds, mycorrhiza, polybags. This research aims to determine the effect of mycorrhizal administration and the dose of mycorrhizal application on the vegetative growth of cayenne pepper plants using a completely randomized design (CRD) method with one factor, namely mycorrhizal dose. The treatment carried out was by giving different doses of mycorrhiza to cayenne pepper plants (Capsicum frutescens), namely 0 - 2.5 gr, 5 gr and 7.5 gr as well as controls without mycorrhiza. From the research carried out, it was found that the application of mycorrhiza had a significant effect on the height of the cayenne pepper plants but did not have a significant effect on increasing the number of leaves, in fact there was better control over the number of leaves.</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2023-11-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 http://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1168 Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar Dan Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis Siswa Muatan PKN Menggunakan Model Lebah 2023-09-24T13:37:16+00:00 Nur Latifah nurlatifah13112001@gmail.com Wahdah Refia Rafianti wahdah.rafianti@ulm.ac.id <p><em>The research problem is low learning outcomes and critical thinking skills. The reason is that students find it difficult to understand concepts, learning is monotonous, less involved, slow to think and teachers have not used varied models. Efforts to overcome this with the "LEBAH" model (Problem Based Learning, Example Non Example &amp; Make A Match). The purpose of this study is to describe teacher activity, to analyze the increase in student activity, learning outcomes and critical thinking skills. Qualitative and quantitative approaches. CAR is carried out in 4 meetings, class IV B at SDN Manarap Lama 1, 23 students in 2022/2023. Qualitative data analysis techniques observation sheet activities of teachers, students and critical thinking skills, while quantitative data measures learning outcomes. The results show that the teacher's activity gets 100%. Student activity gets 100%. Cognitive learning outcomes get 96%, affective get 96% and psychomotor get 96%. Critical thinking skills gain 96%. Based on the results of the study, it was concluded that the </em><em>LEBAH</em><em> model can improve learning outcomes and critical thinking skills. It is suggested that this model be used as an alternative to improve learning outcomes and critical thinking skills.</em></p> 2023-09-24T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023