Jurnal Pendidikan, Sains Dan Teknologi https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst <p style="margin-left: 20px; text-align: justify;">Jurnal Pendidikan, Sains dan Teknologi (E-ISSN : <a href="https://issn.brin.go.id/terbit/detail/20220924191478452">2963-5373</a>) Merupakan Jurnal Penelitian dan Kajian Ilmiah yang diterbitkan oleh CV.ITTC – INDONESIA. Redaksi menerima kiriman hasil kajian dan penelitian di bidang ilmu , Pengembangan dan implementasi model pembelajaran, Pengembangan bahan ajar, Teknologi Pembelajaran, Analisis Kebijakan Pendidikan, Pembelajaran Online, Media Pembelajaran, Strategi Pembelajaran, dan Model Pembelajaran, Matematika Terapan dalam Pendidikan dan Industri, Fisika Terapan dalam Pendidikan dan Industri, Biologi Terapan dalam Pendidikan dan Industri, Kimia Terapan dalam Pendidikan dan Industri, Teknik Elektronika, Big Data, Robotika, Teknologi Masa Depan, Kecerdasan Buatan, Teknik Elektro, Ilmu Komputer, Teknik Informatika, Teknik Telekomunikasi, Informasi, Teknologi Komunikasi, dan Teknologi Cerdas. <strong>Jurnal Pendidikan, Sains dan Teknologi terbit 4 issu dalam setahun, issue 1 (Januari - Maret), issue 2 ( April - Juni ), issue 3( Juli - september), issue 4 (Oktober -November)</strong></p> CV. ITTC INDONESIA en-US Jurnal Pendidikan, Sains Dan Teknologi 2963-5373 <p>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under an <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/"><span class="cc-license-title">Attribution 4.0 International</span> </a><span class="cc-license-identifier"><a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">(CC BY 4.0)</a> </span>that allows others to <strong>share</strong> — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format and <strong>a</strong><strong>dapt</strong> — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</p> Teaching Vocabulary To Young Learners: Combination Of Semantic Mapping And Bingo Game https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1182 <div><em><span lang="EN-US">Students need to have many vocabularies in their mind in order to master four language skills in English namely listening, speaking, reading and writing. In addition, students </span></em></div> <div><em><span lang="EN-US">should acquire number of words and they should know the meaning of the words then use them accurately. The vocabulary mastery would help students in developing their, understanding, and also enhancing the process of transferring information better. Teaching vocabulary is a challenge for teachers especially in teaching young learners. As the characteristics of young learner who love learning through playing, it is a need for the teacher to have an innovative strategy in teaching vocabulary. In addition, the combination of semantic mapping and bingo games will be the solution of the teaching vocabulary to young learners. This combination make the students learn words together with other students based on their background knowledge and review the vocabularies by implementing bingo games.</span></em></div> I Gusti Ngurah Bagus Yoga Widiadnya Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-10-02 2023-10-02 2 4 747 754 10.47233/jpst.v2i4.1182 Upaya Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar Matematika Pada Materi Luas Bangun Datar Menggunakan Kombinasi Model Problem Based Learning, Grup Investigasi, Make A Match Pada Kelas IV UPTD SDN 1 Kait-Kait Kabupaten Tanah Laut https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1193 <p><em>This study aims to describe student learning outcomes using the Problem Based Learning model, Group Investigation, Make A Match in learning activities. This type of research uses Classroom Action Research (PTK) which is carried out in 3 meetings using qualitative and quantitative approaches. The subjects of this study were 20 students in class IV UPTD SDN 1 Kait-Kait in the 2022/2023 academic year. Based on the results of the study it can be interpreted that: (1) Classical teacher activity reaches the criteria of "very active". (2) Classical activity reaches the criteria of "very active". (3) Learning outcomes achieve completeness both individually and classically.</em></p> Ayu Ispi Ramadani Susilawaty Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-10-07 2023-10-07 2 4 755 761 10.47233/jpst.v2i4.1193 Pengembangan Media Pembelajaran IPA Berbasis Adobe Flash Cs6 Pada Materi Sistem Tata Surya Untuk Peserta Didik SMP Negeri 3 Panyipatan https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1207 <p><em>The development of Adobe Flash CS6 media on the topic of the solar system aims to describe the validity, practicality and effectiveness of learning media. This research uses the Research and Development (R&amp;D) method with the ADDIE (Analyse, Design, Develop, Implement and Evaluate) development model. The percentage method of media expert and material expert validation sheets was used in collecting this data. Test questions and surveys from students are also used. Adobe Flash CS6 learning media is known to have a media expert validity score of 86.67% and a material expert validity score of 87.71%, in accordance with research findings regarding the effectiveness of interactive learning media. Testing of interactive learning materials shows that it is effective for both individual students at 98.52% and small groups at 95.53%. However, the completion result is assessed at 80.00%. These findings provide strong evidence that solar system content created in Adobe Flash CS6 for use in junior high school science learning is very valid, practical, and effective.&nbsp; </em></p> Ihsanul Mukhlas Yudha Irhasyuarna Rizky Febriyani Putri Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-10-13 2023-10-13 2 4 762 769 10.47233/jpst.v2i4.1207 Penggunaan Media Kalender Dan Jam Analog Untuk Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar Matematika Tentang Waktu Pada Siswa Kelas III SD Negeri 09 2x11 Enam Lingkung https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1083 <p><em>Mathematics learning activities in elementary schools must be adapted to the daily lives of students. Mathematics learning that is not related to students' lives will be felt to be less meaningful and less interesting. Learning mathematics requires abstract thinking, one of which is the material of measuring time. Based on interviews with class III teachers, time units are material that is difficult for students to understand. This can be seen from the results of students'daily tests regarding time units (year, week, day and hour) showing that of the 21 students who got a KKM score of 75 only 9 students while the others still did not meet the KKM. This means that 42.88% of students achieved the KKM score. This is because in conveying the concept of a unit of time, the teacher uses the lecture method. The purpose of this research is to improve the results of learning mathematics about units of time through the use of calendar media and analog clocks for class III SD N 09 2X11 Enam Lingkung. This type of research is classroom action research (CAR). The subjects in this remedial research were class III students with 21 students. The data in this study consisted of quantitative data which were analyzed using quantitative analysis techniques with simple statistics in the form of average values and percentages. Based on the results of learning corrective actions that have been carried out, the conclusion of this study is that the application of calendar media and analog clocks can improve mathematics learning outcomes in class III SD N 09 2X11 Enam Lingkung &nbsp;carried out through 2 cycles. The application of calendar media and analog clocks can improve student learning outcomes in mathematics in class III SD N 09 2X11 Enam Lingkung . This is evidenced from the percentage in the initial conditions (pre-cycle) there were 42.86% of students who passed (above the KKM that had been set). After that there was an increase in learning outcomes in cycle I where there were 57.14% of students who had completed and in cycle II learning improvement actions there were 80.95% of students who had completed learning mathematics using the calendar and analog clock media.</em></p> Dedi Mardianto Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-08-05 2023-08-05 2 4 644 653 10.47233/jpst.v2i3.1083 Analisis Kesalahan Siswa Dalam Menyelesaikan Soal Cerita Sistem Persamaan Linear Dua Variabel https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1089 <p><em>This research aims to determine the types of student errors, as well as the factors that cause errors in solving SPLDV story problems. This research was conducted in class VIII F of SMP Negeri 1 Maumere which consisted of 27 students. Student error data obtained from the results of written tests. Student answers that are incorrectly identified into the type of error. After that, 3 students were selected as respondents to be interviewed. This research uses a qualitative approach and the type of research is descriptive. Data analysis was performed by data reduction, data presentation and conclusion. The results of the study showed that no students were able to answer all of the questions correctly. Based on the results of data analysis, it was concluded that the types of errors made by students were (1) conceptual errors of 44.75%; (2) principal errors of 34.04%; and (3) operating errors of 24.62%. Based on the results of the interviews, the factors that caused the mistakes made by students were because they did not understand the questions so they were unable to translate the question sentences into mathematical sentences, they were weak about the concept of variables, the elimination and substitution methods, they were weak in determining the results of calculations, and they lacked practice working on equation system questions linear two variables in the form of varied stories.</em></p> Ignasius Nong Mere Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-08-08 2023-08-08 2 4 654 659 10.47233/jpst.v2i3.1089 Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran Ekspositori Berbantuan Advance Organizer Terhadap Hasil Belajar Siswa Kelas V Mata Pelajaran IPA Macam-Macam Sumber Energi Di SD Islam Nurus Syamsi https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1093 <p><em>This study aims to investigate the effect of the Advance Organizer Assisted Expository Learning Model on the learning outcomes of fifth grade students in science subjects with a focus on various energy sources at SDI NURU SYAMSI. The research method used was the One Group Pretest-Posttest Design. The participants in this study were 25 fifth grade students at SDI NURUS SYAMSI. The study was conducted in one group with a pretest-posttest design, in which students were measured for their initial ability (pretest) before being given treatment, namely the Advance Organizer Assisted Expository Learning Model. After the treatment, students were then measured again (posttest) to see an increase in learning outcomes after applying the method. The results showed that there was a significant increase in learning outcomes in science subjects about various energy sources after the application of the Advance Organizer Assisted Expository Learning Model. The Expository Learning Model Assisted by Advance Organizer as an alternative learning method is expected to help improve student learning outcomes in science subjects about various energy sources. Although this study found positive results, the authors are aware that there are some limitations in this study, such as the limited number of samples. Therefore, the authors recommend further research to strengthen and generalize the findings obtained.</em></p> Adelia Anggraini Lestari Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-08-10 2023-08-10 2 4 660 665 10.47233/jpst.v2i3.1093 Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Discovery Learning Untuk Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar Siswa Pada Mata Pelajaran Matematika Kelas I Di SD Alam Cordova Probolinggo https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1094 <p><em>This study aims to determine student learning outcomes by using the Discovery Learning learning model, as well as knowing the effectiveness of applying this model. This research was conducted at SD Alam Cordova Probolinggo with 4 research subjects, consisting of 3 male students and 1 female student. This study used the Classroom Action Research (CAR) method which was carried out in two cycles. Each cycle consists of four stages, namely planning, action, observation, and reflection. Data collection is done through tests, observations, and documentation. Based on student learning outcomes in cycle I, it reached 75%, a number of 3 students scored below 70, and there was only one student or 25% of students who were in the complete category, namely those who received a KKM score of 70 with an average score of 57. II student learning outcomes reach 100% where all students in the class get the complete category and have obtained a KKM score of 70 with an average value of 77. It can be concluded that the Application of the Discovery Learning Learning Model can improve learning outcomes in learning Mathematics in class I SD Alam Cordova Probolinggo.</em></p> Dewi Mustokoweni Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-08-10 2023-08-10 2 4 666 672 10.47233/jpst.v2i3.1094 Pengembangan Media Pembelajaran Interaktif Articulate Storyline Pada Materi Pesawat Sederhana Kelas VIII SMP https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1107 <p><em>Research on improving easy-to-understand storyline media on basic subject matter intends to illustrate the legitimacy of informative media. The 4D development model (define, design, develop, deploy) uses R&amp;D methods in research. The percentage method of the expert validation sheet is used for the data collection method. The consequence of this review shows that intelligent learning media with expressive storylines gets a legitimacy score of 87%. Based on these findings, it can be concluded that the simple field material of Articulate Storyline is said to be very useful for learning natural sciences in junior high schools.</em></p> Ikrimah Sari Maya Istyadji Rizky Febriyani Putri Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-08-17 2023-08-17 2 4 673 680 10.47233/jpst.v2i3.1107 Pengaruh Penggunaan Media Loose Parts Terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Pada Anak Kelompok B Usia 5-6 Tahun Di RA. Aisyiyah Aman Medan https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1125 <p>Berdasarkan hasil observasi yang sebelumnya pernah dilakukan peneliti menunjukkan bahwa kemampuan berpikir kritis anak kelompok B di RA. Aisyiyah Aman Medan masih belum terstimulasi secara optimal. Sebagian besar anak belum mampu memberikan komentar, Anak juga belum menunjukan aktivitas yang bersifat eksploratif. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode kuantitatif. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah eksperimen (quasi experiment research). Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, Aspek yang paling dominan adalah kecepatan dalam membuat hasil karya. Sesudah diberikan perlakuan dapat&nbsp; disimpulkan bahwa media loose parts berpengaruh terhadap kemampuan berpikir kritis anak. Dilihat pada nilai thitung sebesar&nbsp; -5,418 dengan signifikan 0,000. Karena Sig &lt; 0,05 maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa H0 ditolak dan H1 diterima yang berarti terdapat&nbsp; pengaruh media loose parts terhadap peningkatan kemampuan berpikir kritis anak kelompok B RA. Aisyiyah Aman Medan.</p> Hartati Ningsih Juli Maini Sitepu Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-08-28 2023-08-28 2 4 681 684 10.47233/jpst.v2i3.1125 Pengembangan Media Pembelajaran Interaktif Menggunakan Articulate Storyline Pada Materi Atmosfer Untuk Peserta Didik SMP https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1145 <p><em>The research objective of developing an articulated storyline media based on atmosphere material is to explain how interactive and valid learning media work. The ADDIE development model is combined with the R&amp;D method in this study. Validation was carried out using assessment sheets by material experts and also the media as a data collection technique for this research, and using tests and questionnaires for students. Based on the results of the research that has been done, this learning media gets a score of 94.56% from material experts and also the media. It can be concluded that this finding is an Articulate Storyline medium for atmosphere material that is very effective in learning natural sciences in seventh grade junior high school.</em></p> Nadiatul Hafidah Yudha Irhasyuarna Mella Mutika Sari Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-09-07 2023-09-07 2 4 685 688 10.47233/jpst.v2i3.1145 Pengaruh Penambahan Ekstrak Kunyit (Curcuma domestica) dengan Konsentrasi yang Berbeda Terhadap Daya Simpan dan Uji Organoleptik Abon Daging Itik https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1152 <p><em>Duck meat is one of the livestock potentials that has economic value and is a source of high quality protein. Duck meat processing needs to be done to add flavor and improve quality so that it has a longer shelf life. The addition of turmeric in meat processing can be used as a spice and natural antioxidant. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of adding turmeric extract on the results of water content and pH levels as well as organoleptic tests on processed &nbsp;shredded duck meat. The method used in this study was an experimental method with a completely randomized design (CRD) experiment with the addition of 0%, 5%, 10%, and 15% turmeric extract. Storage time was 30 days at room temperature and 3 repetitions were carried out for each treatment. The results showed that there was an effect of adding turmeric extract on water content (p=0.000) and pH level (p=0.016). The results of the organoleptic test analysis of shredded duck meat showed that there was an effect of adding turmeric extract on the color and texture of shredded duck meat. Based on the de Garmo effectiveness test, the P2 treatment (10%) was the best and most preferred treatment by the panelists with a relative value of 0.75.</em></p> Jauhar Habibah Rizky Febriyani Putri Maya Istyadji Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-09-14 2023-09-14 2 4 689 699 10.47233/jpst.v2i3.1152 Pemanfaatan Kombinasi Air Cucian Beras, Cangkang Telur Ayam, dan Kulit Pisang Kepok sebagai Pupuk Organik Cair untuk Pertumbuhan Tanaman Sawi Hijau (Brassica juncea L.) https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1153 <p><em>Utilization of organic waste rice washing water, chicken eggshells, and kepok banana peels as liquid organic fertilizer can reduce environmental pollution because it can be used to increase the availability of nutrients in plants. This research aims to determine the effect of liquid organic fertilizer fermented rice washing water, chicken eggshells and kepok banana peels on mustard greens (Brassica juncea L.) seen from plant height and number of leaves produced. This experimental research used a completely randomized design (CRD) consisting of five treatments and four repetition. Treatment of green mustard plants was given different concentrations, namely (P1 = control), (P2 = 100 ml/L), (P3 = 125 ml/L ), (P4 = 150 ml/L), and (P5 = 175 ml/L). SPSS statistical data analysis technique by conducting the Anova test at the 5% level. The results showed that the average increase in height and number of leaves of mustard greens was relatively the same in all treatments with the highest average obtained at concentration (P2 = 100 ml/L).</em></p> Ira Mahrita Mella Mutika Sari Sauqina Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-09-14 2023-09-14 2 4 700 706 10.47233/jpst.v2i3.1153 Tantangan Dan Solusi Dalam Perkembangan Teknologi Pendidikan Di Indonesia https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1156 <p>Teknologi pendidikan secara umum dapat diartikan sebagai penerapan teknologi pada kegiatan pendidikan. Hal terpenting di sini adalah proses integrasi antara orang, ide, organisasi, dan peralatan. Berdasarkan asumsi tersebut, teknologi pendidikan dapat diartikan sebagai pendekatan kegiatan pendidikan yang logis, sistematis, dan ilmiah. Perkembangan Teknologi Pendidikan saat ini mengalami perubahan yang sangat pesat, khususnya dalam bidang pendidikan. Dalam pemanfaatan TIK di bidang pendidikan seringkali menghadapi beberapa kendala, antara lain: minimnya pengadaan infrastruktur TIK di berbagai daerah, penggunaan peralatan teknologi bekas, belum tersedianya perangkat hukum di bidang TIK, dan mahalnya biaya pengadaan dan penggunaan fasilitas TIK. Untuk mengatasi permasalahan tersebut di atas, perlu adanya solusi sebagai syarat keberhasilan penerapan TIK dalam proses pembelajaran yaitu: guru dan siswa harus memiliki akses teknologi digital dan internet di sekolah, materi pembelajaran interaktif yang menggunakan laptop/ komputer, guru harus memiliki kemampuan dan keterampilan dalam menggunakan alat digital, harus tersedia anggaran yang cukup untuk mengadakan, mengembangkan, dan memelihara sarana dan prasarana serta dukungan dari semua pihak, kepala sekolah, guru, dan siswa dalam melaksanakan pembelajaran&nbsp;TIK.</p> Ika Fani Az zahra Hanifah Jauza Adhdhawy Damhudi Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-09-19 2023-09-19 2 4 707 713 10.47233/jpst.v2i3.1156 Perbandingan Frekuensi Pakan Ikan Berbahan Dasar Pelet Dan Cacing Sutra (Tubifex Sp) Secara Ad Libitum Terhadap Pertumbuhan Dan Kelangsungan Hidup Benih Ikan Patin Siam (Pangasius Hypophthalmus) https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1160 <p><em>Ikan patin siam (Pangasius hypophthalmus) merupakan salah satu ikan air tawar yang sering dibudidayakan. Ikan patin siam memiliki kandungan gizi yang cukup besar. Cara memenuhi kebutuhan pakannya dilakukan pemberian pakan yang memiliki banyak nutrisi baik dari pakan pelet atau pakan alami. Salah satu pakan alami yaitu cacing sutra (Tubifex sp). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan pemberian pakan yang menghasilkan pertumbuhan terbaik untuk benih ikan patin siam dengan frekuensi yang sesuai. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Balai Benih Ikan Kota Banjarmasin dengan menggunakan metode eksperimental dengan pola Rancanagan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dengan 4 perlakuan dan 3 kali ulangan. Frekuensi yang digunakan adalah perlakuan A pelet 2x sehari, perlakuan B pelet 3x sehari, perlakuan C cacing sutra 2x sehari, dan perlakuan D cacing sutra 3x sehari. Analisis data menggunakan ANNOVA, apabila terdapat perbedaan yang nyata maka dilanjutkan dengan uji Duncan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pemberian pakan yang terbaik dan frekuensi yang sesuai yaitu pada perlakuan D dengan berat 1,60 gram dan panjang 5,66 cm. Nilai kualitas air selama penelitian masih berada dalam kisaran yang layak. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah pemberian pakan dengan frekuensi yang berbeda dan juga bahan dasar yang berbeda memberikan pengaruh nyata terhadap pertumbuhan berat dan panjang benih ikan patin siam.</em></p> Wenda Yulia Rezki Maya Istyadji Ratna Yulinda Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-09-21 2023-09-21 2 4 714 719 10.47233/jpst.v2i3.1160 Kontribusi Explosive Power Otot Lengan Dan Koordinasi Mata Tangan Terhadap Kemampuan Servis Atas Pada Siswa Putra Ekstrakurikuler Bolavoli Di MTS Muhammadiyah 02 Pekanbaru https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1165 <p><em>The purpose of this study was to determine the contribution of explosive power of the arm muscles and eye hand coordination to the upper service ability of 18 male extracurricular volleyball students at MTS Muhammadiyah 02 Pekanbaru. This type of research is correlational research. The sampling technique in this research is purposive sampling, which is a sampling technique with certain considerations. male students in the volleyball extracurricular can be directed and can serve the volleyball.The research instrument used was a test to measure the explosive power of the arm muscles, namely the two hand medicine ball put test, the test to measure eye hand coordination was the throwing and catching test of a tennis ball, and the volleyball service skill test. The data analysis technique used is the Pearson product moment correlation technique and multiple correlation. The conclusions in this study are: 1) there is a contribution of explosive power of the arm muscles (X<sub>1</sub>) to the upper service ability of male students in the volleyball extracurricular activity at MTS Muhammadiyah 02 Pekanbaru with a correlation coefficient percentage of 38.68% , 2) there is a contribution of eye hand coordination (X<sub>2</sub>) to the upper service ability of male extracurricular volleyball students at MTS Muhammadiyah 02 Pekanbaru with a correlation coefficient percentage of 25.2%, 3) there is an explosive power contribution arm muscle and eye hand coordination (X<sub>1</sub> X<sub>2</sub>) on upper service ability (Y) in male volleyball extracurricular students at MTS Muhammadiyah 02 Pekanbaru with a correlation coefficient percentage of 41.9%.</em></p> Adinda Aulia Firna Dewi Zulrafli Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-09-22 2023-09-22 2 4 720 729 10.47233/jpst.v2i3.1165 Pengaruh Penambahan Bubuk Cengkeh (Syzygium aromaticum) Sebagai Pengawet Alami Terhadap Daya Simpan Selai Cempedak (Artocarpus campeden) https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1166 <p><em>This study aims to determine the effect of clove powder on the shelf life of day 1 and day 5, pH levels, water content, and sensory testing of cempedak jam. This study used (CRD) with 4 </em><em>formulations </em><em>with different concentrations of clove powder. The formulations were P0 (0% clove powder), P1 (0.2% clove powder), P2 (0.4% clove powder), and P3 (0.6% clove powder). This study used four kinds of analysis consisting of a five-day shelf-life physical observation test, pH, moisture content, and sensory test. Sensory test analysis was carried out on samples of cempedak jam on day 0, but for physical observation analysis, pH, and water content were carried out on cempedak jam with storage on day 1 and day 5. Data analysis on pH and moisture content using One-Way ANOVA statistics was followed by the Tukey test and the sensory test using the Kruskal-Wallis statistic followed by a hypothesis test with a summary test. The use of clove powder can affect the shelf life, more the concentration of clove powder in cempedak jam, the longer shelf life of the jam. The more concentration of clove powder, the acidity (pH) and water content will increase. The sensory test results showed that the concentration of clove powder affected the parameters of color, taste and aroma of cempedak jam.</em></p> Riska Norsela Ellyna Hafizah Yudha Irhasyuarna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-09-23 2023-09-23 2 4 730 737 10.47233/jpst.v2i3.1166 Hubungan Ekologi Dengan Pelestarian Lingkungan https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1220 <p><em>Ecosystem is an ecological system formed by an inseparable interrelationship between living things and their environment. Ecosystem can also be said as a whole and comprehensive order of unity among all elements of the environment that influence each other. Ecology is the science of the interrelationships between living things with each other and with non-living things around them. This writing is intended to find out clear information about the ecological relationship with the environment and proper conservation of the environment. The discourse on environmental conservation has become an actual issue amid the threat of the global environmental crisis. Because the environmental crisis is considered to be the biggest problem of this century which has an impact on the inhabitants of the present world and future generations. Experts have mapped that the environmental crisis has caused various disasters, climate change, global warming, reduced quality of life and the threat of future destruction of the earth. Therefore, people throughout the world continue to look for joint solutions to overcome this crisis. Formulating environmental conservation from the point of view of the current situation is important. Therefore based on the science of environmental conservation ecology is very influential on each other.</em></p> Aditya Pratama putra April Liansyah Ajansyah Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-10-26 2023-10-26 2 4 10.47233/jpst.v2i4.1220 Analisis Sentimen Penggunaan Sosial Media Terhadap Berita Kriminal Dengan Metode Naïve Bayes Classifier Dan Support Vector Machine(SVM) https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1211 <p>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis sentimen media sosial dengan menggunakan Naïve Bayes Classifier dan Support Vektor Machine. Metode ini digunakan untuk mengekstrak dan menganalisis informasi dan pengetahuan yang berguna dari sejumlah data besar. Data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah komentar atau tanggapan masyarakat terhadap berita yang di unggah di media sosial. Penelitian menunjukan ada 71 sentimen positif dan 31 sentimen negatif. Akurasi prediksi positif sebesar 80,36% dan akurasi prediksi negatif sebesar 84,00% , recall pada data positif sebesar 84,91% dan 79,25% pada data negatif. Sedangkan metode Support Vektor Machine menunjukan prediksi positif sebesar 54,84% dan 84,62% pada prediksi negatif, nilai recall pada data positif sebesar 96,23% dan 20,75% pada data negatif. Penelitian ini diharapkan dapat membantu pihak humas dalam menganalisis komentar atau reaksi masyarakat terhadap berita yang dimuat di media sosial.</p> Maria Tantiana mone Elfira Umar Mitra Permata Ayu Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-10-28 2023-10-28 2 4 777 787 10.47233/jpst.v2i4.1211 Analisis Sentimen Terhadap Pembelajaran Tik Berdasarkan Data Kritik Saran Siswa Menggunakan Metode Naive Bayes Studi Kasus : SMPK Dominikus Gollu Pande https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1221 <p><em>Teacher teaching quality is the key to the success of education in the institution of education by having teachers who are able to teach well to create high-value children of the nation., Especially in the eyes of the technology of information..In order to get teachers that fit academic standards, certainly need to do an evaluation on the eyes of information technology climbers..Therefore smpk dominikus gollu pande do questionnaires with criticism form advice that students can fill.Current, data criticism of advice has not been used to analyze and evaluate the process of learning.That's why., In this study, there's been a sentimental analysis of the results of the criticism that students have sent., to know the criticism of the suggestion is of positive value, negatif.Salah satu metode analisa sentimen yang dapat digunakan untuk menyelesaikan masalah opinion mining adalah metode naive bayes.Data accumulates as much as 100 data at a semester's span, Which is</em></p> Marselinus bulu Elfira Umar Martinus Malo Ngongo Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-10-28 2023-10-28 2 4 788 797 10.47233/jpst.v2i4.1221 Uji Kualitas Air Keran Pada Laboratorium Terpadu Universitas UIN Raden Fatah Palembang https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1224 <p><em>Water Quality is a term that describes the suitability or suitability of water for certain uses, for example: drinking water, fisheries, irrigation, industry, recreation and so on. Caring about water quality means knowing the condition of the water to ensure safety and sustainability in its use. Water quality can be determined by carrying out certain tests on the water. Tests that are usually carried out are chemical, physical, biological tests, or appearance tests (smell and color). For more complex measurements, water samples are needed which are then maintained, transferred and analyzed elsewhere (for example, a laboratory). Measurements like this have two problems, namely that the characteristics of the water in the sample may not be the same as the source because chemical and biological changes occur over time. Even water quality can vary between day and night and is influenced by the presence of aquatic organisms.</em></p> Pira blen siska violita argentina muhammad bayumi Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-10-28 2023-10-28 2 4 798 803 10.47233/jpst.v2i4.1224 Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar Matematika Materi Penyajian Data Menggunakan Model Problem Based Learning (PBL) Pada Siswa Kelas V Di UPTD SDN 1 Kait-Kait Kabupaten Tanah Laut https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1226 <p><em>The problem in this study is that learning is one-way, there is no learning that can stimulate students to improve problem-solving skills, and learning is still not varied. The purpose of this research is to describe the activities of educators and students and to increase learning outcomes. This study uses a qualitative approach with the type of Classroom Action Research (CAR). The type of data used is qualitative data in the form of observing the activities of educators and students during learning activities as well as quantitative data namely learning outcomes in the cognitive, affective and psychomotor domains. These results show that the activity of educators in cycle I reached 17 "very good" criteria and increased in cycle II to 19 with "very good" criteria. Student activity in cycle I reached 66.67% with the "active" criteria and increased in cycle II to 94.44% with the "very active" criteria. Learning outcomes in the cognitive and affective domains in cycle I reached 61.11%, psychomotor reached 66.67%, and increased in cycle II to 100%. It was concluded that there was an increase in educator activity, student activity and learning outcomes using the Problem Based Learning (PBL) model.</em></p> Nor Latifah Sunarno Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-10-31 2023-10-31 2 4 804 809 10.47233/jpst.v2i4.1226 Keanekaragaman Tumbuhan Herba Berpotensi Obat Di Daerah Aliran Sungai Kambata Tana Kabupaten Sumba Timur Sebagai Media Pembelajaran Biologi https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1227 <p><em>This study aims to determine the diversity of herbaceous plants with medicinal potential and the use of plants as learning media in the form of flipbooks. This type of research is ecological research with a quantitative approach. Based on the research results, it is known that the diversity of herbaceous plants in the Kambata Tana river is classified as moderate with an H'= 2.212. Analysis of other ecological indices such as density is known to be the largest density by Stachytarpheta jamaicensis with a relative density (KR) value of 19.5% while the smallest density is by Amaranthus spinosus which has a relative density (KR) value of 2.2%, the highest species frequency is owned by Stachytarpheta jamaicensis which has a relative frequency value of 8.73% while Amaranthus spinosus has the smallest species frequency with a relative frequency value of 0.48% and a dominance index of herbaceous plants with medicinal potential of 0.061 which is relatively low. The diversity of herbaceous plants with medicinal potential is used as a learning medium in the form of flipbooks which obtain an average validation value of 96% and are classified as very valid.</em></p> Felitas Rambu Ema Eut Anita Tamu Ina Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-11-01 2023-11-01 2 4 810 817 10.47233/jpst.v2i4.1227 Analisis Implementasi Peningkatan Kualitas Pendidikan Melalui Standarisasi Laboratorium di SMAN 5 Jember https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1233 <p><em>This study was conducted with the aim of analyzing the implementation of Physics Laboratory Standards at SMA Negeri 5 Jember. The research method used in this research is descriptive method with qualitative approach. Data collection was done through questionnaires and interviews with the head of the laboratory and also with physics teachers. In addition, data collection is also through direct laboratory observation, interviews through the head of the laboratory assistant, and document analysis such as guidebooks and the use of tools and materials in the laboratory. In this study, the results showed that the infrastructure facilities in the laboratory showed an average percentage of 90% with a very good classification. The results of standardization for tools and materials got an average of 68% with a good classification. Furthermore, the standardization of laboratory personnel with a very good classification on average 90%. In the standardization of security, maintenance and supervision of the laboratory gets an average percentage of 91% with a very good classification. The last is the standardization of services gets an average percentage of 100% with a very good classification. Overall, the laboratory at Jember 5 Public School has good standardization, but there is a need to improve the quality of these laboratory facilities so that they can support the learning process better.</em></p> Septia Rachma Wulansari Moh. Rifki Hariyanto Nur Elizah Renisa Kusuma Dewi Lailiatul Istianah Lailatul Nuraini Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-11-05 2023-11-05 2 4 818 822 10.47233/jpst.v2i4.1233 Meningkatkan Aktivitas, Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis dan Hasil Belajar Peserta Didik Muatan IPA Menggunakan Model Potensi Di SDN Murung Raya 4 Banjarmasin https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1234 <p><em>The problem that emerged in this study was the low activity and critical thinking skills of students in Natural Sciences content which resulted in not maximizing learning outcomes. This research is a Classroom Action Research (CAR) which is carried out in 3 meetings. The method used was qualitative, the research subjects were class IVB students at SDN Murung Raya 4 Banjarmasin, totaling 16 people, consisting of 8 male students and 8 female students in semester II of the 2022/2023 academic year. The results showed that the activity of educators increased in each meeting until the indicator of success reached a score of 31 with the criteria "Very Good", the activity of students increased in each meeting until it reached a score of 88% with the criteria "Very Active", critical thinking skills increased in each meeting until it reached a score 88% with the criterion "Almost all very high", and students' learning outcomes classically get a score of up to 100% at meeting 3. Based on the results of this study it can be concluded that the use of the POTENSI model can increase activity, critical thinking skills and student learning outcomes SDN Murung Raya 4 Banjarmasin.</em></p> Muhammad Akmal Yanuari Fathul Jannah Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-11-05 2023-11-05 2 4 823 830 10.47233/jpst.v2i4.1234 Meningkatkan Aktivitas Siswa, Kerjasama, Dan Hasil Belajar Muatan Matematika Menggunakan Model PBL DAN MAKE A Match Di Kelas V SD https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1236 <p><em>The purpose of this study is to describe teacher activities, analyze student activities, cooperation, and learning outcomes of mathematical content using Problem Based Learning (PBL) and Make a Match models. This research was carried out using Classroom Action Research (PTK) which was conducted three times. The research setting is in grade V of SDN Kelayan Selatan 3. The types of data in this study are qualitative and quantitative. The results showed an increase in student activity, cooperation, and learning outcomes.</em></p> Muhammad Sugiyannor Maimunah Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-11-05 2023-11-05 2 4 831 837 10.47233/jpst.v2i4.1236 Meningkatan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Dan Kreatif Siswa Pembelajaran Matematika Menggunakan Model PUZZLE Di Kelas V https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1237 <p><em>The problem in this study is the low ability to think critically and think creatively of students, this arises because the learning carried out has not contained critical thinking activities and there are no opportunities for students to be creative. The effort to solve this problem is by using the PUZZLE model (Problem Based Learning, Snowball Throwing, Numbered Head Together). This study aims to describe teacher activities and analyze students' critical and creative thinking skills. The type of research carried out is classroom action research (PTK) with a qualitative approach. The research setting is SDN Kelayan Selatan 3 Banjarmasin. The research instruments used are observation sheets for teacher activities, critical thinking, and creative thinking and evaluation sheets for written tests. As for data analysis, descriptive and cross-table analysis is used and interpretation uses percentages and criteria. The findings at meeting 3 showed that teacher activities had been carried out "Very Good" with a percentage of 94%, critical thinking skills were carried out with "Almost All Skilled Students" with a classical percentage of 76%, creative thinking skills were carried out with "Almost All Skilled Students" with a classical percentage of 67%. It is recommended to use the Puzzle model&nbsp; as a reference learning model that can develop students' critical and creative thinking skills.</em></p> M. Faisal Aslamiah Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-11-05 2023-11-05 2 4 838 845 10.47233/jpst.v2i4.1237 Upaya Perbaikan Aktivitas Dan Hasil Belajar Menggunakan Model PBL, Open-Ended Learning, Dan Pair Checks https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1238 <p><em>The problem that occurs is the low activity and learning outcomes in mathematics content. This study aims to describe the activities of educators, analyze activities and learning outcomes. The approach used was a qualitative approach with the type of PTK carried out in three meetings and the subjects studied were fourth grade students at SDN Kelayan Selatan 2 Banjarmasin. The type of data in this discovery is qualitative data obtained from observations of teacher and student activities in the learning process, as well as quantitative data in the form of learning outcomes obtained through written tests. The results showed in this study that the teacher's activities in the first meeting were in the "Good" category, the second meeting achieved the "Good" criteria, and the third meeting achieved the "Very Good" criteria. the activities of students in the first meeting achieved the criteria of "Quite Active" and in the third meeting achieved the criteria of "Very Active". The classical completeness of the learning outcomes at the first meeting was "incomplete", the second meeting was "unfinished", and the third meeting had achieved classical completeness. Based on these results, the researcher concluded that using the PBL, Open-Ended Learning, and Pair Checks models in mathematics content could increase the activity of teachers, students and learning outcomes.</em></p> Rosendi Aditya Suryatama Harahap Darmiyati Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-11-05 2023-11-05 2 4 846 852 10.47233/jpst.v2i4.1238 Meningkatkan Aktivitas Belajar Dan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Siswa Menggunakan Kombinasi Model Problem Based Learning Dan Probing Promting https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1239 <p><em>The problem in this study is the lack of activity and the underdeveloped critical thinking skills of students. Possible solutions include model of Problem Based Learning and Probing Prompting. The purpose of this study was to examine research on teacher activities, critical thinking skills, and student learning outcomes and activities. Classroom Action Research (CAR) used in this study lasted for two cycles or IV meetings. Class IV UPTD SDN 1 Kait-Kait students became research participants, totaling 20 students. From meeting I to meeting IV, an increase was found from 25 to 34. In addition, from meetings I to IV, student involvement increased from 45% to 95%. And at meetings I to IV, students' critical thinking skills ranged from 45% to 95%. In addition, classical student learning outcomes ranged from 45% to 90% from Meeting I to Meeting IV. Thus, learning in class IV UPTD SDN 1 Kait-Kait with a combination of Problem Based Learning and Probing Probing models can improve student learning outcomes, student activity, and critical thinking skills.The problem in this study is the lack of activity and the underdeveloped critical thinking skills</em></p> Ayu Novika Sari Maimunah Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-11-05 2023-11-05 2 4 853 859 10.47233/jpst.v2i4.1239 Meningkatkan Aktivitas, Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis dan Hasil Belajar IPA Menggunakan Model Protomake Kelas IV Sekolah Dasar https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1253 <p>Permasalahan penelitian adalah rendahnya aktivitas, keterampilan berpikir kritis dan rendahnya hasil belajar peserta didik pada muatan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam (IPA). Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mendeskripsikan aktivitas guru dan menganalisis hasil observasi aktivitas, keterampilan berpikir kritis dan hasil belajar peserta didik elalui Model <em>PROTOMAKE</em>. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif. dengan jenis penelitian tindakan kelas, yang dilaksanakan dengan tiga kali pertemuan. Subjek penelitian adalah peserta didik kelas IV SDN Teluk Dalam 12 Banjarmasin tahun pelajaran 2022/2023, jumlah peserta didik sebanyak&nbsp; 12 orang. Teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan secara <em>crosstable </em>dalam bentuk tabel dan grafik. Data dikumpulkan dengan teknik observasi dan tes. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa aktivitas guru pada pertemuan 1 sampai 3 meningkat dari 25 hingga 32. Aktivitas peserta didik pada pertemuan 1 sampai 3 meningkat dari 58,33% hingga 91,67%. Keterampilan berpikir kritis peserta didik pada pertemuan 1 sampai 3 meningkat dari 66,67% hingga 91,67%. Hasil belajar aspek kognitif dari 58,33% hingga 100%. Hasil belajar afektif pada pertemuan 1 sampai 3 terjadi peningkatan dari 66,67% hingga 100%. Hasil belajar psikomotorik pada pertemuan 1 sampai 3 meningkat dari 75% hingga 100% secara klasikal.</p> Khalawatul Zakiah Aslamiah Aslamiah Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-11-11 2023-11-11 2 4 860 869 Upaya Meningkatkan Aktivitas dan Hasil Belajar Siswa Menggunakan Model PMS Mata Pelajaran IPA Kelas V https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1266 <p><em>Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk meningkatkan aktivitas dan hasil belajar siswa pada mata pelajaran IPA menggunakan model PMS (Project Based Learning, Make a Match dan Somatic Auditory Visual Intelectual). Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di SDN Alalak Selatan 2 Banjarmasin, Kecamatan Banjarmasin Utara, Provinsi Kalimantan Selatan. Subjek dalam penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas V dengan jumlah 29 orang siswa. Jenis penelitian ini adalah Penelitian Tindakan Kelas (PTK). Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan yaitu observasi dan tes. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan dalam 2 siklus dan disetiap siklus terdapat 2 kali pertemuan.&nbsp; Berdasarkan hasil analisis data, terjadi peningkatan pada aktivitas siswa dalam belajar dimana dalam klasifikasi kriteria aktif dan sangat aktif berada pada persentase 100%. Hasil belajar juga terjadi peningkatan pada siklus I pertemuan 1 ketuntasan klasikal 72%, siklus I pertemuan 2 ketuntasan klasikal 90%, siklus II pertemuan 1 ketuntasan klasikal 97%, dan siklus II pertemuan 2 ketuntasan klasikal 100%. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa penerapan kombinasi model PMS (Project Based Learning, Make a Match dan Somatic Auditory Visual Intelectual) dapat meningkatkan aktivitas dan hasil belajar siswa pada mata pelajaran IPA.</em></p> Isna Mukarramah Suhaimi Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-11-18 2023-11-18 2 4 870 882 Efektivitas Kunyit Asam Dalam Mengatasi Dismenorea Pada Remaja (Studi Kasus Siswi Kelas X SMK Az-Zawiyah Tanjung Batu) https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1269 <p><em>This thesis is entitled "Effectiveness of Tamarind Turmeric in Overcoming Dysmenorrhea in Adolescents (Case Study of Class sequential exploratory. A sample of 8 female students who experienced severe dysmenorrhoea were divided into 2 groups, 4 in the experimental group and 4 in the control group. The research instrument used (NRS). Data collection techniques in this research used observation, interviews and documentation methods. Research data was analyzed using the visual inspection method and qualitative descriptive techniques. The formulation of the problem in this research is how the Prophet's style of treatment relates to traditional treatment using sour turmeric drinks for dysmenorrhoea and whether there is an effect of giving sour turmeric drinks on reducing dysmenorrhoea in grade 10 female students at SMK Az-Zawiyah Tanjung Batu. The results of this research are 1) Habbatussauda, ​​which is included in the Prophet's style of treatment, can reduce the level of dysmenorrhoea because it has anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. It is used as a reference for reducing the level of dysmenorrhoea in adolescents using herbal plants that grow in Indonesia and have anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, namely turmeric and tamarind. . Where when processing sour turmeric drinks, honey is mixed which functions to reduce the chelating taste of turmeric and reduce dysmenorrhoea, because honey contains enzymes and minerals that are effective in reducing pain. 2) There is an effect of sour turmeric drink on reducing dysmenorrhoea in grade 10 female students at Az-Azzawiyah Vocational School. Although the reduction in pain level was not drastic, namely from average level of severe pain to moderate level of pain.</em></p> Miranti Wijaya Deddy Ilyas Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-11-22 2023-11-22 2 4 883 891 Mekanisme Pengolahan Air Minum Isi Ulang Yang Berkualitas https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1270 <p><em>Water is a compound that serves an important function for humans and other living things. As technology advances, people will tend to choose a more practical and relatively cheaper way to meet their drinking water needs. One of them is using refill drinking water. Although the price of refill drinking water is cheaper, not all refill drinking water depots are guaranteed quality. The purpose of this study is to determine the drinking water treatment process in accordance with health procedures. This article uses the literature review method. The expected results are that the Drinking Water Depot (DAM) must fulfill the stages of drinking water production to produce drinking water of acceptable quality, namely the requirements for storage and storage of raw water, filtration and sanitation.</em></p> Azzurrel Lady Arafah Sudarti Yushardi Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-11-22 2023-11-22 2 4 892 898 Pengaruh Pemberian Berbagai Dosis Mikoriza Terhadap Pertumbuhan Tanaman Bawang Merah (Allium cepa L.) https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1278 <p><em>Shallots (Allium cepa L.). It is classified as a spice vegetable which is always needed as a seasoning for all dishes that have high economic value. This causes red onions to be important to society. Mycorrhiza helps the fertilization process, intensifies roots, and increases nutrient uptake. The aim of the research is to determine the effect of giving mycorrhiza on the growth of shallots. The research was carried out in the FMIPA Unimed Greenhouse. The research used experimental methods and was structured using a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) which was divided into 5 treatments. Based on the ANOVA test on the height and number of shallot seedlings, it was found that there was no significant effect between treatments. However, from direct observation the number of seedlings in the 20 gr treatment grew more than in other treatments, this shows that mycorrhiza helps the plant growth process in absorbing nutrients and water in the soil by expanding the root system. The conclusion is that giving mycorrhiza does not have a real effect on the height and number of offspring. The results had no real effect due to factors outside the growth process.</em></p> Lanni Novita Siregar Nabila Thafriza Tya Chintia Gusli Ahmad Shafwan S Pulungan Pulungan Nilan Sari Rangkuti Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-11-26 2023-11-26 2 4 899 902 Pengaruh Pemberian Perbedaan Dosis Pupuk Mikoriza Terhadap Pertumbuhan Cabai Rawit (Capsicum frutescens) di Polibag https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1279 <p><em>Cayenne pepper (Capsicum frutescens L.) is a type of shrub that has wood, branches and grows upright. Mycorrhiza plays a role in stimulating plant growth, increasing fertilization efficiency and nutrient uptake through a symbiotic association between plant roots and fungi. The research was carried out from October to November 2023 in the greenhouse of the Biology Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Medan State University. The tools used in the research were analytical scales, hoes, machetes, cameras and writing tools. The materials used in this research were cayenne pepper seeds, mycorrhiza, polybags. This research aims to determine the effect of mycorrhizal administration and the dose of mycorrhizal application on the vegetative growth of cayenne pepper plants using a completely randomized design (CRD) method with one factor, namely mycorrhizal dose. The treatment carried out was by giving different doses of mycorrhiza to cayenne pepper plants (Capsicum frutescens), namely 0 - 2.5 gr, 5 gr and 7.5 gr as well as controls without mycorrhiza. From the research carried out, it was found that the application of mycorrhiza had a significant effect on the height of the cayenne pepper plants but did not have a significant effect on increasing the number of leaves, in fact there was better control over the number of leaves.</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Ahmad Syafwan S Pulungan Marlinda Nilan Sari Rangkuti Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-11-26 2023-11-26 2 4 903 907 Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar Dan Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis Siswa Muatan PKN Menggunakan Model Lebah https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1168 <p><em>The research problem is low learning outcomes and critical thinking skills. The reason is that students find it difficult to understand concepts, learning is monotonous, less involved, slow to think and teachers have not used varied models. Efforts to overcome this with the "LEBAH" model (Problem Based Learning, Example Non Example &amp; Make A Match). The purpose of this study is to describe teacher activity, to analyze the increase in student activity, learning outcomes and critical thinking skills. Qualitative and quantitative approaches. CAR is carried out in 4 meetings, class IV B at SDN Manarap Lama 1, 23 students in 2022/2023. Qualitative data analysis techniques observation sheet activities of teachers, students and critical thinking skills, while quantitative data measures learning outcomes. The results show that the teacher's activity gets 100%. Student activity gets 100%. Cognitive learning outcomes get 96%, affective get 96% and psychomotor get 96%. Critical thinking skills gain 96%. Based on the results of the study, it was concluded that the </em><em>LEBAH</em><em> model can improve learning outcomes and critical thinking skills. It is suggested that this model be used as an alternative to improve learning outcomes and critical thinking skills.</em></p> Nur Latifah Wahdah Refia Rafianti Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-09-24 2023-09-24 2 4 738 746 10.47233/jpst.v2i3.1168 Kontribusi Energi Air Terhadap Ketahanan dan Keberlanjutan pada Sektor Ketenagalistrikan di Indonesia https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1290 <p>Air adalah salah satu sumber energi yang sering ditemui manusia dan mempunyai banyak manfaat, salah satu dari manfaat air yaitu sebagai sumber energi pada sektor ketenagalistrikkan. Pemanfaatan air sebagai sumber energi terbarukan dapat menjadi solusi yang sangat efektif untuk mengurangi efek rumah kaca. Aliran air yang mengalir dapat difungsikan sebagai Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Air (PLTA). Hal ini akan sangat membantu untuk mengurangi ketergantungan Indonesia dalam energi bahan bakar fosil. Selain itu, pemanfaatan air sebagai energi terbarukan ini dapat menghemat biaya karena bahan bakar tidak diperlukan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini yaitu agar pembaca mengetahui bahwa air yang sering terlihat, dapat dimanfaatkan menjadi sumber energi yang dibutuhkan sehari-hari, terutama pada sektor ketenagalistrikan. Dengan kebutuhan listrik yang terus meningkat, pemanfaatan air ini menjadi pilihan yang relevan, karena memiliki manfaat jangka panjang yang baik. Selain itu dibuatkannya artikel ini, peneliti ingin mendorong pembaca untuk dapat mempertimbangkan pentingnya energi terbarukan ini dalam mengatasi kerusakan lingkungan. Dengan adanya penelitian lebih lanjut, Indonesia dapat memimpin tranformasi menuju sumber energi terbarukan yang ramah lingkungan</p> Septia Rachma Wulansari Wulansari Sudarti Yushardi Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 2 4 908 911 Analisis Potensi Energi Angin Sebagai Salah Satu Sumber Energi Alternatif Di Lingkungan Masyarakat Kota Jember https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1291 <p>Penelitian ini memiliki tujuan yang sangat relevan dan penting, yaitu untuk menganalisis potensi energi angin sebagai sumber energi alternatif di lingkungan masyarakat Kota Jember. Krisis energi listrik yang semakin meningkat di Indonesia telah menjadikan pencarian sumber energi alternatif yang terbarukan semakin penting dalam mendukung pasokan listrik yang andal dan berkelanjutan. Dalam konteks ini, energi angin muncul sebagai salah satu pilihan yang menjanjikan untuk memproduksi listrik tanpa mengandalkan sumber energi fosil yang semakin terbatas. Namun, penting untuk diingat bahwa energi listrik memiliki peran vital dalam menjalani aktivitas sehari-hari, terutama dalam lingkungan masyarakat Kota Jember. Penelitian ini memilih metode penelitian kualitatif studi literatur untuk menggali pemahaman yang mendalam tentang potensi energi angin sebagai sumber energi alternatif. Data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini bersumber dari literatur-literatur terkait energi angin dan sumber energi alternatif lainnya. Dengan demikian, penelitian ini memberikan perspektif yang berimbang dan menyeluruh tentang peran energi angin sebagai solusi alternatif untuk mengatasi krisis energi listrik.</p> Nur Elizah Sudarti Yushardi Yushardi Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-01 2023-12-01 2 4 912 917 Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Kooperatiftipe Make A Match Dalam Meningkatkan Minat Belajar Matematika https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1284 <p>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui peningkatan minat belajar matematika dalam proses pembelajaran saintifik yang terintegrasi dengan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe make a match serta mendeskripsikan cara menerapkan pembelajaran saintifik yang terintegrasi dengan model make a match. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di SDN Gajah mungkur 01 pada kelas II. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe make a match yang kami terapkan mampu meningkatkan minat belajar matematika siswa. Ini dibuktikan dengan hasil evaluasi yang bagus dan tingkat antusias tinggi saat kegiatan pembelajaran. Sikap antusias dan ingin tahu yang tinggi diperlihatkan siswa pada saat kami melakukan penelitian. Daya serap siswa terhadap pembelajaran menunjukkan terdapat nilai diatas KKM mencapai 77%. Dimana 23 siswa mendapatkan nilai diatas KKM dan 1 siswa belum mencapai KKM. Nilai rata-rata siswa adalah 100 dan untuk nilai yang belum mencapai KKM adalah 70. Dari hasil tersebut, dapat dilihat bahwa model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe make a match dapat meningkatkan minat belajar siswa pada materi penjumlahan dan pengurangan di mata pelajaran matematika. Selain itu, dapat menumbuhkan sikap positif yaitu kerja sama dan sportivitas pada siswa. Siswa tidak hanya belajar matematika dengan cara dan suasana baru tetapi juga dengan bermain. Sehingga minat belajar matematika pada siswa dapat meningkat.</p> Nova Dwiyanti Muhamad Azril Gibran Zhaviera ZulfaIzah Nila Sari Ningsih Usman Widianto Trimurtini Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-01 2023-12-01 2 4 918 923 Pengaruh Pemberian Pupuk Mikoriza Dan Pupuk Kompos Terhadap Pertumbuhan Dan Produksi Tanaman Sawi Pakcoy (Brassica rapa L.) https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1292 <p>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menginvestigasi pengaruh pemberian pupuk mikoriza dan pupuk kompos terhadap pertumbuhan dan produksi tanaman pakcoy (<em>Brassica rapa L</em>.). Pada penelitian ini percobaan yang dilakukan terdiri atas 6 perlakuan dengan masing – masing perlakuan diberi 4 pengulanagan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemberian pupuk mikoriza secara individual meningkatkan pertumbuhan tinggi tanaman dan jumlah daun tanaman sawi pakcoy. Pemberian pupuk mikoriza dan pupuk kompos secara individual meningkatkan pertumbuhan tinggi tanaman pada konsentrasi 20% dan jumlah daun pada konsentrasi 15% dan 30%. Pertumbuhan tanaman ini juga berdampak positif pada peningkatan produksi pakcoy, dengan peningkatan dan hasil yang lebih tinggi.</p> Anita Agustina Lubis Elisabeth Cahyasa Gina Ginting Sarina Sitanggang Ahmad Shafwan Pulungan Marlinda Nilan Sari Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-01 2023-12-01 2 4 924 926 Implementasi Media Evaluasi Berbasis Quizizz Paper-Mode Pada Mata Pelajaran Matematika Materi Perkalian Di Kelas II SD Negeri Podorejo 01 Kota Semarang https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1283 <p>Matematika merupakan mata pelajaran yang sangat berguna dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Namun, matematika dianggap oleh sebagian besar siswa adalah mata pelajaran yang sulit, khususnya siswa di sekolah dasar. Oleh karena itu, seorang guru membutuhkan suatu media pembelajaran yang digunakan dalam proses pembelajaran yang dapat membakitkan motivasi siswa ketika belajar matematika salah satunya adalah Quizizz Paper Mode. Media evaluasi yang memanfaatkan teknologi seperti pemanfaatan Quizizz Paper Mode digunakan sebagai media evaluasi di kelas sehingga pembelajaran matematika lebih interaktif dan menyenangkan bagi siswa. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menyelidiki penerapan penggunaan media evaluasi berbasis Quizizz Paper Mode pada mata pelajaran Matematika, materi perkalian. Penelitian tindakan kelas digunakan dalam penelitian ini dan 2 siklus yaitu pre-test dan post-test dilaksanakan di kelas II SD Negeri Podorejo 01 Ngaliyan Kota Semarang. Pada siklus I dengan , nilai pre-test 27. Pada siklus II post-test terjadi peningkatan hasil belajar siswa. pengetahuan dalam mempelajari nama-nama bilangan mengalami yang lebih baik meningkat dibandingkan siklus sebelumnya (siklus I). Skor rata-rata yang diperoleh siswa adalah 47. &nbsp;Hal ini membuktikan bahwa pemanfaatan teknologi dalam bidang pendidikan khususnya dalam penggunaan media evaluasi Quizizz Paper Mode dapat mengembangkan pemahaman siswa nama dan lambang bilangan dalam matematika. Selain itu, siswa juga tertarik dan termotivasi dalam pembelajaran proses menggunakan Quizizz Paper Mode.</p> Ahmad Fajar Afrizal Meila Nur Fatima Hikmatun Mutingah Salasil Haqqillah Afrenna Tri Nurrahmasari Trimurtini Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-01 2023-12-01 2 4 927 931 Penggunaan Aplikasi Zoom Meeting Sebagai Media Pembelajaran Jarak Jauh https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1293 <p>Pembelajaran secara online bukanlah sesuatu yang baru dalam dunia pendidikan khususnya bagi siswa. Majunya teknologi memungkinkan dapat digunakan untuk melakukan belajar secara online tetapi juga bisa bersosialisasi antara mahasiswa dengan dosen, dapat berpartisipasi ketika diskusi khususnya mata kuliah yang menerapkan sistem pembelajaran jarak jauh. Dengan cara melalui video, dokumen, digital dan lainnya. Kegiatan perkuliahan tetap berjalan secara online atau berani bisa digunakan dimanapun. Metode kualitatif dipakai untuk membuat artikel ini, dengan melakukan wawancara kepda mahasiswa yang melakukan pembelajran secara online orang. Sumber lainnya dari jurnal dan buku yang sesuai dengan isi artikel yang dibuat. Aplikasi zoom meeting merupakan alternatif untuk digunakan sebagai media pembelajaran jarak jauh secara online, karena mudah dan mudah digunakan di laptop maupun handphone dan kualitas dari video dan suaranya tergolong bagus. Aplikasi zoom meeting bisa menjadi alat untuk melakukan pembelajaran jika ada kendala ataupun masalah disaat pembelajaran tidak dapat dilakukan di dalam kelas. Banyak fitur yang dapat digunakan di zoom meeting, contohnya fitur sharescreen yang dapat dipakai untuk menyampaikan hasil diskusi ataupun sebagai bahan terbuka/materi. Didalam zoom meeting sendiri bisa diatur jadwal untuk berdiskusi.Pembelajaran jarak jauh yang dilakukan dengan zoom meeting terhadap siswa di suatu universitas cukup efektif karena bisa menjadi alat alternatif ketika siswa dan dosen tidak dapat melakukan aktivitas pembelajaran secara tatap muka di kelas. Namun walaupun bisa menjadi alternatif pembelajaran online masih terdapat kekurangan pada aplikasi zoom yaitu mahalnya zoom premium, menguras paket internet, sinyal yang kurang stabil di setiap daerah atau tempat.</p> Arba Sunur Muhammad Irwan Padli Nasution Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-03 2023-12-03 2 4 932 935 Analisis perkembangan teknologi penyaringan udara untuk mengatasi tingkat polusi udara sebagai solusi permasalahan lingkungan https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1302 <p>Pertumbuhan penduduk yang juga diiringi dengan peningkatan jumlah kendaraan dan bangunan, yang secara langsung mengurangi kawasan hijau&nbsp; penyaring udara kotor. Misalnya kota jakarta adalah tempat paling tercemar di Indonesia, dimana mayoritas penduduknya terpapar polusi udara. Polusi udara telah merenggut banyak nyawa di seluruh dunia, termasuk di Jakarta, dimana masyarakat menghadapi kondisi kesehatan yang buruk, penyakit pernafasan dan bahkan kematian. Hal ini menjadikan polusi udara sebagai ancaman yang tidak bisa dihindari dan hanya akan bertambah buruk di masa depan. Oleh karena itu, untuk menjaga udara tetap segar dan bersih, di beberapa lingkungan masyarakat telah menanam pohon dan menggunakan filter udara dalam ruangan, seperti AC yang hemat energi cukup besar. Dari hasil pengamatan langsung ditemukan permasalahan di&nbsp; perkotaan yaitu udara kotor dan polusi udara. Oleh karena itu, pada penelitian ini diusulkan solusi sederhana berupa prototype alat pembersih udara kotor untuk menciptakan ruangan bebas udara kotor dan nyaman untuk ditinggali.</p> <p><strong>Abstrak:</strong> Population growth is also accompanied by an increase in the number of vehicles and buildings, which directly reduces green areas that filter dirty air. For example, Jakarta is the most polluted place in Indonesia, where the majority of the population is exposed to air pollution. Air pollution has claimed many lives around the world, including in Jakarta, where people face poor health conditions, respiratory diseases and even death. This makes air pollution an unavoidable threat that will only get worse in the future. Therefore, to keep the air fresh and clean, in some neighborhoods people have planted trees and used indoor air filters, such as air conditioners that save considerable energy. From direct observation, it was found that the problem in urban areas is dirty air and air pollution. Therefore, this research proposes a simple solution in the form of a dirty air purifier prototype to create a room free of dirty air and comfortable to live in.</p> Indah Ayu Safitri Sudarti Yushardi Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-03 2023-12-03 2 4 936 939 Analisis Perkembangan Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Bayu (PLTB) Sebagai Sumber Energi Alternatif Terbarukan Di Indonesia https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1303 <p><em>One of the government's steps in the energy sector is to immediately develop and introduce renewable energy sources to reduce dependence on fossil fuels. Supporting government policies regarding community energy supply, including wind energy, requires the introduction of the use of new renewable energy sources based on local potential. To support this government program, non-profit programs are being implemented in several cities in Indonesia to exploit the potential of wind energy. Wind speed, or the average wind energy that can be harvested each day, on Mount Kinshiel ranges from 60.14 to 77.59 W per hour. On the other hand, wind speed in Gresik Regency has been unstable for 10 days, with an average wind speed of 1.5 m/s and wind strength of 10.47 watts during those 10 days. In Palu City, the PLTB electricity generation capacity is 28,308 kWh/day, and the 900 VA electricity supply from the PLTB system is distributed to approximately 31 houses (electricity consumers).</em></p> Jennis Ayu Wulandari Sudarti Yushardi Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-03 2023-12-03 2 4 940 945 Pengolahan Limbah Tahu Menjadi Biogas Sebagai Inovasi Guna Mengatasi Krisis Energi https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1304 <p><em>For most Indonesian people, tofu is a processed soybean-based food that is very popular among Indonesian people. Apart from being highly nutritious, tofu is also cheap and easy to make. The price is affordable for the general public and the taste is delicious. At the processing stage, the tofu industry produces both solid and liquid waste. The process of sifting and grouping solid waste produces waste which is mostly sold by experts and processed into animal feed, tempeh gembus which is made from tofu dregs, and leftover tofu flour which is used as a basic ingredient for making bread and baked goods. Meanwhile, a lot of liquid waste is produced during the process of washing tofu, boiling tofu, pressing tofu, and the process of forming tofu. Ecological benefits will be reduced if tofu liquid waste is directly disposed of into waters due to the high content of organic matter, BOD and COD. Therefore, the industry realizes that waste processing is necessary to reduce the current risk of pollution. Handling of tofu waste must continue to be carried out and monitored properly. Indonesia has the ability to create normal abundance in large quantities to channel elective energy. Therefore, the use of fuel sources requires substitute materials that are not harmful to the ecosystem and do not run out. Biogas is an environmentally friendly power plant that has a lot of development potential.</em></p> Friska Rindiani Sudarti Yushardi Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-03 2023-12-03 2 4 946 951 Potensi Penggunaan Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Sampah (PLTSa) Sebagai Energi Terbarukan Guna Mengurangi Permasalahan Lingkungan https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1310 <p><em>Waste is one of the factors causing various environmental problems, especially in Indonesia. Waste piles up everywhere due to the lack of public awareness of good waste management. Over time, the accumulation of waste can have adverse effects, ranging from health problems to environmental damage to the economy. This research aims to describe environmental problems, especially waste or garbage, and whether waste power plants are a solution to electricity needs or environmental problems. This research uses a literature study research method or literature review. The existence of this PLTSa development can reduce environmental problems, more precisely waste in Indonesia.</em></p> Sefti Eka Inggritiya Yusuardi Sudarti Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-04 2023-12-04 2 4 952 954 Analisis Dampak Pemanfaatan Energi Matahari Terhadap Perubahan Iklim Di Indonesia https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1311 <p><em>Examining the possible influence of solar energy on climate change is the purpose of this article. Using the literature study method, the author will then compare various existing publications and theories. The sun is a source of lighting and heating for the earth, where solar activity also influences climate change. Climate change in Indonesia is largely influenced by the use of solar energy. The presence of the sun can influence the occurrence of solar radiation, the amount of solar energy that reaches the earth, the magnetic field that surrounds the planet, and the number of particles emitted by the sun. This also affects the strength of cosmic rays that reach Earth. This affects the dynamics of the atmosphere and oceans as well as the development of clouds and rain. Peak cloud cover occurs when solar activity is at its lowest and cosmic ray output is at its highest. When the sun is active, there are fewer clouds because cosmic rays have lower power. The conclusion drawn is that solar activity has a significant effect on climate change.</em></p> Anisa Eka Mauladhani Sudarti Yushardi Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-04 2023-12-04 2 4 955 957 Analisis Kualitas Air Dan Daya Tampung Beban Pencemaran Sungai Bedadung https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1312 <p><em>The purpose of this research article is to find out the water quality and capacity to carry pollution loads in the Bedadung River. The quality of river water in an area is greatly influenced by human activities. Therefore, it must be balanced with public awareness in preserving the river environment so that the quality of river water is maintained. Water quality is the general condition of water that describes the chemical, physical and biological content of water with the help of certain references. Water quality is usually influenced by the pollutant load entering the water body. The pollutant load itself is the amount of pollutant substances present in the water. In a body of water there is a limit to the amount of pollutant load that can be accepted by its designated class or what is generally referred to as the maximum pollutant load.</em></p> Mayang Maharika Yushardi Sudarti Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-04 2023-12-04 2 4 958 961 Analisis Potensi Energi Angin sebagai PLTB di Pantai Watu Ulo Jember Menggunakan data BMKG https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1313 <p><em>This research aims to analyze the potential of wind energy as a resource for Wind Turbine Power Plants (PLTB) in the coastal area of Watu Ulo Beach, Jember. The research adopts a literature review method, utilizing data provided by the Meteorology, Climatology, and Geophysics Agency (BMKG). BMKG data serves as the primary source for this analysis, providing a robust foundation to evaluate the potential of PLTB. The study also focuses on the availability of state-of-the-art technology to optimize the utilization of wind energy, assessing its suitability for the region's characteristics. The research findings are expected to provide a comprehensive overview of the PLTB potential in Watu Ulo Beach, Jember, serving as a basis for the development of sustainable energy infrastructure in coastal areas. The conclusions drawn from this literature review are anticipated to serve as a reference for further research and the implementation of sustainable PLTB projects in the region.</em></p> Jessica Dwi Putri Ardiana Lailatul Nur Aini Alex Harijanto Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-04 2023-12-04 2 4 962 965 Penerapan Algoritma Genetika Untuk Penjadwalan Mata Pelajaran Di SMK Negeri 1 Kota Tambolaka https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1314 <p><em>consider other things such as avoiding the same or repeated schedules in one day, the number of teaching staff involved, and practicum subjects which in their implementation require a laboratory. The subject scheduling process at SMK Negeri 1 Tambolaka City is still carried out manually by Deputy Head 1 for the curriculum field, who currently uses Microsoft Excel software, which has the potential for errors and often requires correction before the schedule is implemented. Because the subject scheduling process is very important, a solution is needed in making subject schedules. Therefore, this research aims to optimize course schedules by applying a genetic algorithm to the course scheduling application. In this research, the process of preparing rosters for applied subjects was carried out at school using a web-based genetic algorithm method so that schedule collisions did not occur and the process was more optimal. In the experiment, the results of this subject scheduling application system consisted of several forms and menus, including a login form, department data menu, subject data, class data, teachers, hour ranges, special schedules, and the scheduling menu. Creating a teacher's teaching schedule using a genetic algorithm can produce a schedule automatically and systematically, thereby displaying the schedule for the day and time of each teacher's teaching schedule. The application of genetic algorithms in scheduling teacher teaching at SMK Negeri 1 Tambolaka City is a very optimal solution for scheduling, so that the possibility of similarities in the same teacher's teaching time and hours is very small.</em></p> Emirensiana Padaka Yulius Nahak Tetik Dian Fransiska Ledi Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-05 2023-12-05 2 4 966 974 Analisis Efek Rumah Kaca serta Teknologi Penanggulangan Efek Rumah Kaca yang Terbarukan https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1316 <p><em>Global warming is an increase in global temperature at the Earth's surface (within several thousand kilometers) compared to the normal/average value recorded over a standard period (World Meteorological Organization/WMO measurements: at least 30 years). Global warming is one of the impacts caused by the greenhouse effect. The greenhouse effect is a condition where the surface temperature of a celestial body, such as a planet or star, increases rapidly. This increase in temperature is caused by changes in the composition and conditions of the atmosphere around the object. The greenhouse effect can be caused by human activities and can occur naturally due to natural events such as forest burning due to a prolonged dry season. Basically, the greenhouse effect is very difficult to overcome, but we can reduce the greenhouse effect by using environmentally friendly energy such as renewable energy. With the rapid development of technology in this modern era, there are many renewable technologies that can be developed and utilized. This analysis aims to determine the process, causes and consequences of the greenhouse effect as well as the development and use of renewable energy technology to overcome the greenhouse effect.</em></p> Arini Maulidiya Lajuardi Yushardi Sudarti Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-05 2023-12-05 2 4 975 978 Potensi Energi Angin Pada Kawasan Pesisir Pantai untuk Menghasilkan Energi Listrik https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1317 <p><em>The purpose of this article research is to determine the potential of wind on the coast to produce electrical energy. Wind can be interpreted as air that moves due to temperature differences, both are hot temperatures and cold temperatures. The need for energy, especially electrical energy, in Indonesia is increasing and becoming an inseparable part of society's daily needs. From this background and problem formulation, a research study was carried out which focused on wind energy sources on the coast.</em></p> Kamalia Zahra Ratna Sari Yushardi Sudartik Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-05 2023-12-05 2 4 979 981 Analisis Pemanfaatan Panel Surya Tipe Polycrystalline 100 Wp Sebagai Sumber Energi Alternatif Untuk Meningkatkan Kesejahteraan Masyarakat Pedesaan Di Indonesia https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1318 <p>Solar energy is an alternative energy source that is environmentally friendly and has great potential to be utilized in Indonesia. However, the use of solar energy is still limited, especially in rural areas which have limited infrastructure and access to electricity. This research aims to analyze the use of 100 WP polycrystalline solar panels as an alternative energy source to improve the welfare of rural communities in Indonesia. The research method used is literature review, namely by examining and criticizing various reference sources that are relevant to the research topic. The data collected includes secondary data, which was analyzed using content analysis, comparative analysis and synthesis analysis techniques. The research results show that the use of 100 WP polycrystalline solar panels can provide benefits for rural communities, including: (1) increasing the availability and quality of electricity, (2) saving costs on fossil fuels (3) reducing greenhouse gas emissions, (4) improve the quality of life and public health. This research recommends that the use of 100 wp polycrystalline solar panels can be expanded and improved in other rural areas in Indonesia, taking into account technical, economic, social and environmental aspects.</p> Arini Azrin Fakhira Sudarti Yushardi Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-06 2023-12-06 2 4 982 985 Kontribusi Kekuatan Otot Lengan Dan Koordinasi Mata-Tangan Terhadap Ketepatan Passing Bawah Bolavoli Pada Siswa SMPN 5 Singingi Hilir https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1320 <p>Ahmadi, N. (2007). <em>panduan olahraga bola voli</em>. SOLO,ERA PUSTAKA UTAMA.</p> <p>asril,&nbsp; aryadi adnan. (2010). <em>evaluasi pendidikan jasmani dan olahraga.</em> MALANG,UNIVERSITAS NEGERI MALANG.</p> <p>Agus Dwi Kuncoro. (2021). Hubungan kekuatan otot lengan dengan hasil servis atas bola voli. <em>Jurnal Pendidikan Jasmani Kesehatan Dan Rekreasi,</em> <em>4</em>(2), 118–125. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.29408/porkes.v4i2.4661.</p> <p>Ahmad Marzuki,Andi TBD Alsaudi, I. H. (2021). Hubungan kekuatan otot lengan dan ketepatan passing bawah permainan bola voli. <em>Stkipkusumanegara.Ac.Id</em>, <em>3</em>(2), 74-.</p> <p>https://doi.org/https://jurnal.stkipkusumanegara.ac.id/index.php/semnara2020/article/download/1270/867/4981.</p> <p>Arikunto. (2013). <em>Prosedur Penelitian: Suatu Penelitian Pendekatan Taktik</em>. Rineka Cipta.</p> <p>Candra, A., &amp; Henjilito, R. (2018). Pengaruh Latihan Pukulan Menggunakan Imagery Terhadap Hasil Smash Permainan Bolavoli. <em>Journal Sport Area</em>, <em>3</em>(2), 102–110.</p> <p>https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.25299/sportarea.2018.vol3(2).1611</p> <p>Daharis,Ahmad ramadani, (2014). Kontribusi kekuatan otot lengan dan kelenturan terhadap hasil belajar praktek gerakan RATSLAG senam mahasiswa penjaskesrek UIR. <em>Sport Area</em>, <em>48</em>(8), 122–124. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.25299/sportarea.2016.v0l1(1).376</p> <p>Dupri. (2018). Model latihan passing bawah bola voli pada siswa sekolah menengah pertama. <em>Sport Area</em>, <em>14</em>(3), 168-178.</p> <p><a href="https://doi.org/https:/doi.org/10.25299/sportarea.2018.vol3(2).2135">https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.25299/sportarea.2018.vol3(2).2135</a></p> <p>Ertanto, R., Supriyadi, M., &amp; Syafutra, W. (2021). Hubungan Kekuatan Otot Lengan dan Koordinasi Mata-Tangan dengan Kemampuan Servis Bawah Bola Voli Siswa. <em>Gelanggang Olahraga: Jurnal Pendidikan Jasmani Dan Olahraga (JPJO)</em>, <em>5</em>(1), 9–21. https://doi.org/10.31539/jpjo.v5i1.2850</p> <p>Ilham. (2011). hubungan kekuatan otot lengan dengan kemampuan chest pass pemain bola basket siswa smpn 11 kota jambi. <em>Journal Penelitian Universitas Jambi</em>, <em>1</em>(3), 13–18.</p> <p>https://doi.org/http://dx.org/10.22342/jme.4.2.414.160-171</p> <p>Ismaryati. (2018). <em>). Tes dan pengukuran olahraga</em>. SURAKARTA, UNS PRESS.</p> <p>Jahrir, A. S. (2019). Kontribusi Kekuatan Otot Lengan, Koordinasi Mata Tangan Dan Panjang Lengan Terhadap Kemampuan Passing Bawah Bolavoli Siswa. <em>Exercise : Journal of Physical Education and Sport</em>, <em>1</em>(1), 49–67. https://doi.org/10.37289/exercise.v1i1.22</p> <p>Joni alpen. (2017). kontribusi kekuatan otot lengan terhadap hasil servis bawah bola voli di smp negeri 2 rambah samo kabupaten rokan hulu. <em>Journal Sport Area</em>, <em>2</em>(2), 18–27.</p> <p>https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.25299/sportarea.2017.vol2(1).592</p> <p>Kamarudin, Muspita, &amp; Fernando, R. (2016). Profil Kebugaran jasmani Mahasiswa Penjaskesrek Smester 1 FKIP UIR Tahun 2015/2016. <em>Journal Sport Area</em>, <em>3</em>(1), 70–78.</p> <p><a href="https://doi.org/https:/journal.uir.ac.id/index.php/JSP/article/view/1306">https://doi.org/https://journal.uir.ac.id/index.php/JSP/article/view/1306</a></p> <p>Kamarudin. (2021). pengaruh latihan kekuatan otot lengan terhadap hasil lempar lembing. <em>Jurnal Athletic and Sport Nutrition</em>, <em>1</em>(1), 23-29.</p> <p>https://doi.org/https://journal.uir.ac.id/index.php/jasti/article/view/6832</p> <p>Muhammad Reza Atsani. (2020). Meningkatkan kemampuan passing bawah bola voli menggunakan metode bermain pada siswa kelas XI Mekatronika Epcos SMK Negeri 1 Batam.<em> Indonesia Journal of Physical Education</em>, <em>1</em>(2), 54–58.</p> <p>https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.252299/es:ijope.2020.v0l1(2).5592.</p> <p>Nala, N. (2002). <em>prinsip pelatihan fisik olahraga.</em> Denpasar:Komite Olahraga Nasional Indonesia Daerah Bali.</p> <p>Nur Mahfuzah Agustin, F. effendi. (2022). Tingkat hubungan kekuatan otot lengan dengan ketepatan servis atas ukm bola voli stkip nu indramayu. <em>Jurnal Kependidikan Jasmani Dan Olahraga</em>, <em>2</em>(3), 34–38. https://doi.org/https://ejournal.stkipnu.ac.id/index.php/JKJO/article/view/145</p> <p>Suparman. (2020). Jurnal PKontribusi Koordinasi Mata-Tangan dan Kekuatan Otot Lengan Terhadap Kemampuan Servis Bawah Permainan Bola Voli Peserta Ektrakurikuler Putra SMPIT Al-Fityan Gowa. <em>Unimuda Sport Jurnal</em>, <em>1</em>(1), 1–9.</p> <p>syafruddin. (2021). hubungan daya ledak otot tungkai,koordinasi mata tangan dan kelentukan terhadap kemampuan smash atlet bola voli. <em>Sporta Saintika</em>, <em>6</em>(2), 177–187. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24036/sporta.v6i2.190</p> <p>Syarif Hidayat. (2014). <em>pelatihan olahraga teori dan metodologi</em>. Yogyakarta:Graha Ilmu.</p> <p>Sugiyono. (2013). <em>Metode penelitian kuantitatif dan kualitatif Dan R&amp;D</em>. Penerbit Alfabeta,Bandung.</p> Dina Suherni Alficandra Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-06 2023-12-06 2 4 986 991 Potensi Pemanfaatan Limbah Kotoran Ternak Sapi Sebagai Pupuk Kompos Ramah Lingkungan https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1325 <p><em>The utilization of cow dung waste as compost has significant positive impacts on the agricultural sector and the environment. This article describes the production process of compost fertilizer and analyzes its impact on soil fertility, crop productivity, and reduction of environmental pollution. Compost fertilizer not only improves soil structure and provides balanced nutrition for plants, but also reduces the amount of waste discharged into the environment. The discussion will cover the technical aspects of compost production, its impact on soil quality, and the need for further research to support sustainable agriculture. The utilization of cow dung waste as compost provides important benefits that can improve the understanding and practice of sustainable agriculture.</em></p> Muhammad Hasan Muzammil Sudarti Yushardi Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-07 2023-12-07 2 4 992 996 Potensi Energi Air Sebagai Sumber Energi Listrik di Daerah Wonosobo https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1326 <p><em>Water energy is indispensable in meeting the needs of all creatures, water energy sources that can be obtained for free must be utilized and maintained as well as possible. Especially in areas that have a large enough potential water source, this potential can later be utilized primarily as a source of electrical energy. Electrical energy is very much used in human activities, so in the process of utilization it must be used as much as possible. With the existence of water energy sources, it will greatly help save energy in this era of rapid development. Wonosobo is one of the areas that has a high potential for water energy sources. This is because the area in Wonosobo has quite high rainfall and a tropical climate, with many streams and water sources scattered in each area. That way it can be maximized regarding the use of water energy sources for power plants located in Wonosobo.</em></p> Rizal Wijayanto Yushardi Sudarti Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-07 2023-12-07 2 4 997 1000 Analisis Potensi Pengelolaan Sampah Organik Sebagai Energi Alternatif Biogas Terbarukan https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1327 <p>Indonesia is a country with rapid population growth. With ongoing population growth, the percentage of waste growth in Indonesia is getting higher. Waste is classified into organic and non-organic waste. The waste management system is still less effective and efficient. Piles of rubbish have the potential to produce gases that are dangerous to health. One effort to handle waste is to convert waste into renewable alternative energy. The aim of this research is to determine the potential of organic waste in Indonesia. So that the existing potential can be converted into an alternative biogas energy. This research provides insight into dealing with the potential for managing organic waste as sustainable energy and can reduce the percentage of waste in Indonesia.</p> Dayang Nur Aqilah Yushardi Sudarti Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-07 2023-12-07 2 4 1001 1004 Analisis Potensi Pemanfaatan Energi Angin Sebagai Sumber Energi Listrik Di Indonesia https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1330 <p>This research was carried out in order to find out the potential for utilizing wind energy as a source of electrical energy in Indonesia. Where this research is to fulfill the final assignment of the environmental physics course. This research is a literature study which aims to analyze several results of articles, journals and previous research. The purpose of this analysis refers to the application and development of the potential use of wind energy as a source of electrical energy in various regions of Indonesia. Like in the rice fields of Blang Krueng Village, Baitussalam District. This research is a qualitative descriptive design method through analysis, identification and exploration of previous findings. The subject targeted for this research is the use of wind energy as a source of electrical energy in various regions of Indonesia. The objects of this research are journals and articles. Briefly, the results of this research show two categories. first analysis of the categories of application of wind energy as a source of electrical energy in various regions of Indonesia. Analysis of the two categories of authentic development from several researchers who developed hydropower as a source of electrical energy.</p> Harirotul Lathifah Sudarti Yushardi Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-07 2023-12-07 2 4 1005 1009 Analisis Perkembangan Penanggulangan Pencemaran Udara Yang Disebabkan Oleh Bahan Bakar Fosil https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1331 <p><em>Air is a component of life that is very important for the survival of living things. Living creatures need oxygen gas to continue breathing. Clean air is hard to find. This is because the air has been polluted by several substances and particles that damage the air network. There are various forms of air pollution, one of which is air pollution due to fossil fuels. Fossil fuels are often used in motor vehicles and industrial factories. This requires special attention by both the government and society. The purpose of this analysis is to determine the impact caused by air pollution and the countermeasures that have been carried out in Indonesia. The method used is the literature study method. This method refers to the analysis of sources such as books and journals. Health is the main aspect that is the impact of air pollution, followed by the economy. The government has issued several policies as an effort to tackle air pollution in Indonesia.</em></p> Wardah Nibras Salsabila Yushardi Sudarti Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-07 2023-12-07 2 4 1010 1014 Penggunaan Energi Matahari Sebagai Bahan Bakar Terbarukan Guna Menaggulangi Kelangkaan Bahan Bakar Fosil Bensin https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1332 <p><em>Fossil fuel scarcity has become a serious problem that has been recognized by the world. This is due to the massive exploration carried out by every country around the world. This exploration of fossil fuels has been going on for a long time and its utilization is used in the use of gasoline motor vehicle fuel. Human dependence on the use of fossil fuels is very large, this will cause problems in the environment to the instability of energy supply. The use of solar energy as a renewable energy substitute for gasoline is very appropriate. The sun is a renewable energy that will not run out, the use of solar energy as a renewable fuel will have benefits to the environment significantly reducing greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution. The use of solar energy will create new jobs to improve the economy, such as the emergence of car companies using solar energy fuel. This analysis is made to find a solution to the problem of fuel scarcity that still utilizes fossil fuels replacing it with renewable fuels that utilize solar energy.</em></p> Moch Dimas Reza Yushardi Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-07 2023-12-07 2 4 1015 1018 Analisis Potensi Angin Berbasis IoT (Internet of Things) Di Daerah Kawasan Pesisir https://jurnal.minartis.com/index.php/jpst/article/view/1333 <p><em>This research aims to analyze the potential of IoT (Internet of Things) based wind around coastal areas. The research method used is a literature review. Based on this, the data used was obtained from various national and international scientific articles in the form of descriptions. Wind is air that moves from areas that have high pressure to areas that have low pressure. Technological developments provide convenience for human needs. One of them is the application of Internet of Things-based technology to detect wind speed and direction. Based on information obtained from several research journals, the researchers succeeded in detecting wind speed and direction using IoT-based tools. The devices that the researchers used were microcontrollers, Android, power supplies, optocoupler sensors, and magnetic field sensors. So the tool used is designed first to detect wind speed and direction and then the information or data will be stored in a database and can be accessed via the website.</em></p> Mariska Yudha Amindri Yusardhi Sudarti Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-07 2023-12-07 2 4